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What Makes Us Think?
A Neuroscientist and a Philosopher Argue about Ethics, Human Nature, and the Brain
Jean-Pierre Changeux & Paul Ricoeur
Translated by M. B. DeBevoise

Book Description | Reviews
Chapter 1 [HTML] or [PDF format]


Translator's Note vi
Prelude ix
Chapter 1: A Necessary Encounter
Knowledge and Wisdom 3
Knowledge of the Brain and Self-Knowledge 10
The Biological and the Normative 26
Chapter 2: Body and Mind: In Search of a Common Discourse 33
The Cartesian Ambiguity 33
The Contribution of the Neurosciences 41
Toward a Third Kind of Discourse? 63
Chapter 3: The Neuronal Model and the Test of Experience 70
The Simple and the Complex: Questions of Method 70
The Human Brain: Complexity, Hierarchy, Spontaneity 75
Mental Objects: Chimera or Link? 93
Is a Neuronal Theory of Knowledge Possible? 110
Understanding Better by Explaining More 125
Chapter 4: Consciousness of Oneself and of Others 134
Conscious Space 134
The Question of Memory 138
Comprehension of Oneself and of Others 154
Mind or Matter? 169
Chapter 5: The Origins of Morality 179
Darwinian Evolution and Moral Norms 179
The First Structures of Morality 195
From Biological History to Cultural History: Valuing the Individual 202
Chapter 6: Desire and Norms 212
Natural Dispositions to Ethical Systems 212
The Biological Bases of Rules of Conduct 222
Passage to the Norm 239
Chapter 7: Ethical Universality and Cultural Conflict 257
The Natural Foundations of an Ethics of Debate 257
Religion and Violence 259
Paths of Tolerance 272
The Scandal of Evil 279
Toward an Ethics of Deliberation: The Example of Advisory Committees on Bioethics 298
Art as Peacemaker 303
Fugue 311
Notes 313
Index 327

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File created: 4/21/2017

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