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Theory of Linear Poroelasticity with Applications to Geomechanics and Hydrogeology
Herbert F. Wang

Book Description | Reviews
Chapter 1 [in PDF format]

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Preface xi
Chapter 1: Introduction 3
1.0 Chapter Overview 3
1.1 Historical Examples 3
1.2 Basic Concepts 5
1.3 Brief History 8
1.4 Geomechanics 8
1.5 Hydrogeology 10
1.6 Petroleum Engineering 13
1.7 Biot's Theory 14
1.8 Preview of Constitutive Relations 17
1.9 Thermoelastic Analogy 22
Chapter 2: Linear Constitutive Equations 26
2.0 Chapter Overview 26
2.1 Kinematic Variables 26
2.2 Dynamic Variables 30
2.3 Constitutive Relations 31
2.4 Principal Coordinates 33
2.5 Isotropic Stress and Strain 34
2.6 Nonprincipal Coordinates 37
2.7 Anisotropy 42
2.8 Effective Stress 43
3. Poroelastic Constants 47
Chapter 3: Chapter Overview 47
3.1 Compressibility 47
3.2 Drained versus Undrained Moduli 53
3.3 Storage Capacity 55
3.4 Hydraulic Diffusivity 61
3.5 Poroelastic Expansion Coefficients 62
3.6 Coefficients of Undrained Pore-Pressure Buildup 64
3.7 Incompressible or Highly Compressible Constituents 68
3.8 Laboratory Data 69
Chapter 4: Governing Equations 71
4.0 Chapter Overview 71
4.1 Force Equilibrium Equations 72
4.2 Displacement Formulation 73
4.3 Beltrami-Michell Equations 76
4.4 Strain Compatibility Equations 77
4.5 Mechanical Boundary and Initial Conditions 78
4.6 Darcy's Law 79
4.7 Fluid Continuity 83
4.8 Comparison of Diffusion Equations 86
4.9 Fluid Boundary and Initial Conditions 87
4.10 Uncoupling of Stress or Strain from Pore Pressure 88
4.11 Force Equilibrium for the Solid Matrix 91
Chapter 5: Unbounded Problem Domains 96
5.0 Chapter Overview 96
5.1 Poroelastic Displacement Potential in Infinite Domain 96
5.2 Uniform Fluid Injection in a Sphere 98
5.3 Green's Functions 101
5.4 Center of Dilatation 103
5.5 Half Space with Traction-Free Boundary 105
5.6 Gravity Analogy 107
5.7 Sudden Injection of Fluid at a Point in Infinite Domain 110
5.8 Fluid Dipole Equivalence to Body-Force Distributions 112
Chapter 6: Uniaxial Strain 116
6.0 Chapter Overview 116
6.1 Constitutive Equations 116
6.2 Force Equilibrium Equation 118
6.3 Fluid Diffusion Equation 119
6.4 Step Load on Semi-Infinite Column 120
6.5 Consolidation of a Finite Layer (Terzaghi's Problem) 124
6.6 Uniformly Increasing Load on a Finite Layer 129
6.7 Sedimentation on Impermeable Basement 131
6.8 Erosional Unloading 134
6.9 Periodic Load on a Half Space 136
6.10 Periodic Load on a Finite Layer 138
6.11 Water Load on a Half Space 140
Chapter 7: Plane Strain and Plane Stress in Rectangular Coordinates 150
7.0 Chapter Overview 150
7.1 Constitutive Equations for Plane Strain 151
7.2 Governing Equations for Plane Strain 151
7.3 Mandel's Problem 153
7.4 Biot's Stress Function 157
7.5 Periodic Load on a Half Space 158
7.6 Displacement Functions 163
7.7 Sudden Step Load on a Half Space 165
7.8 Undrained Response to a Line Source 170
7.9 Sudden Fault Slip 172
7.10 Constitutive Equations for Plane Stress 183
8. Plane Strain in Polar Coordinates 187
Chapter 8: Chapter Overview 187
8.1 Radial Symmetry 187
8.2 Sudden Pressurization of a Long Cylinder 191
8.3 Sudden Pressurization of a Borehole 201
8.4 Sudden Stress Release due to Borehole Excavation in an Anisotropic Stress Field 203
8.5 Hydraulic Fracturing 205
8.6 Sudden Internal Pressurization of a Hollow Cylinder 206
8.7 Line Source in Plane Strain 211
Chapter 9: Axisymmetry 215
9.0 Chapter Overview 215
9.1 Governing Equations 215
i 9.2 Pumping from a Well 216
9.3 Reverse Water-Level Fluctuations 218
9.4 Pulse-Decay Test 221
9.5 Elastostatic Subsidence of a Half Space 226
9.6 Time-Dependent Subsidence of a Half Space 229
Chapter 10: Numerical Methods 238
10.0 Chapter Overview 238
10.1 Finite-Element Method 238
10.2 Boundary-Element Method 245
Appendix A: Integral Transforms 257
A.1 Properties of Fourier Transforms 257
A.2 Properties of Laplace Transforms 258
A.3 Stehfest Algorithm for Laplace Transform Inversion 259
A.4 Properties of Hankel Transforms 260
Appendix B: Relations Among Poroelastic Constants 262
Appendix C: Representative Poroelastic Constants 265
Symbols 267
References 269
Uniited References 279
Author Index 283
Subject Index 286

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File created: 4/17/2014

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