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Stability in Model Populations (MPB-31)
Laurence D. Mueller & Amitabh Joshi

Book Description | Reviews


Preface and Acknowledgments vii
Chapter 1 -- Introduction
Historical Development of the Concept of Population Stability 7
What Is Stability? 9
Slability in Metapopulations 12
Why Are We Interested in Stability 18
Population Extinction 18
Effective Population Size 18
Fitness in Age-Structured Populations 20
Why Conduct Laboratory Experiments? 20
Laboratory Studies of Population Biology 23
Starting Populations 23
Lab Adaptation 25
Replicate Populations 26
Measuring Genetic Differences 28
Evaluating Models in Population Biology 29
General Versus Speicifc Models 31
Chapter 2 -- Theory of Population Stability 33
First-Order Nonlinear Difference and Differential Equations 34
Stability of First-Order Nonlinear Difference and Differential Equations 39
Population Cycles and Chaos 46
Cycles 46
Chaos 48
Second-and Higher-Order Models 52
Age Structure 53
Pre-Adult Density Effects on Adult Reproduction 60
Evolution of Population Stability 65
Chapter 3 -- Techniques for Assessing Population Stability 71
Linearized Population Dynamics in the Vicinity of an Equilibrium 72
Model-Based Estimates of Stability 77
Models Chosen Priori 79
Models Estiminated from Data 85
Time-Series Analysis 90
Chaos 97
Time Series 97
Detecting Chaos 99
Chapter 4 -- Blowflies 110
Life History of Lucilla cuprina in the Laboratory 111
Dynamic of Lucilia cuprina Populations 115
Modeling the Dynamics of Lucilia cuprina Populations 126
Chapter 5 -- Tribolium 132
Life History of Tribolium in the Laboratory 133
Pre-Adult Stages 134
Adult Stage 139
A Model of Tribolium Population Dynamics 143
A Model of Egg-Larva Dynamics 145
The Larva-Pupa-Adult Model 151
Empirical Evaluation of the Larva-Pupa-Adult Model 157
Chapter 6 -- Drosophila 178
Life History of Drosophila in the Laboratory 179
Larvae 180
Adults 183
A Model of Populalion Dynamics 186
Stability of Large Laboratory Populations 193
Stability of Small Laboratory Populations 196
Assessment of the Drosophila Model 208
Stability in Laboratory Metapopulations 209
Age-Structured Populations 221
Evolution of Population Dynamics 225
Increased Risk of Population Extinction with Inbreeding 230
Evolution of Population Stability 233
Chapter 7 -- Natural Populations 244
Simple Models 245
Surveys Using Reponse Surface Methods 246
Detailed Studies of Single Populations 250
Soay Sheep and Red Deer 250
Perennial Grass, Agrostis scabra 252
Lemmings and Voles 253
Red Grouse 257
Why Is Chaos Rare in Natural Populations? 259
Chapter 8 -- Conclusions 262
A Heuristic Framework for Viewing Population Dynamics and Stability 262
Lucilia cuprina, Tribolium, and Drosophila Compared 273
Model Systems in Ecology: Where Next? 280
References 287
Author Index 311
Suhject Index 316

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File created: 4/27/2015

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