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More is Different:
Fifty Years of Condensed Matter Physics
Edited by Nai-Phuan Ong & Ravin Bhatt

Book Description | Reviews

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

PREFACE: N. PHUAN ONG AND RAVIN N. BHATT xi
1950 TO Y2K: E.ABRAHAMS xv
1. MORE is DIFFERENT - ONE MORE TIME 1
PHILIP W. ANDERSON 1
2 LOCALIZATION YESTERDAY, TODAY, TOMORROW 9
T. V. RAMAKRISHNAN 9
2.1 ABSENCE OF DIFFUSION IN RANDOM LATTICES 9
2.1.1 EXPERIMENTAL BACKGROUND 9
2.1.2 THE LOCALIZATION IDEA 10
2.1.3 RELATED DEVELOPMENTS 11
2.1.4 CONSEQUENCES OF LOCALIZATION 12
2.1.5 LOCALIZATION AS A GENERAL FEATURE OF DISORDER 13
2.2 SCALING AND WEAK LOCALIZATION 14
2.2.1 THOULESS CONDUCTANCE 14
2.2.2 SCALING THEORY 15
2.2.3 WEAK LOCALIZATION 16
2.2.4 THEORETICAL DEVELOPMENTS 18
2.2.5 MESOSCOPIC SYSTEMS AND PHENOMENA 21
2.2.6 OTHER EXCITATIONS 21
2.2.7 SUMMARY 22
2.3 TOMORROW 23
2.3.1 GLASS AND SPIN GLASS 23
2.3.2 SUPERCONDUCTOR-INSULATOR TRANSITION 23
2.3.3 METAL-INSULATOR TRANSITION IN 2D 24
2.3.4 DECOHFRENCE IN DISORDERED CONDUCTORS 25
2.3.5 LOCALIZATION IN MANGANITES 27
3 METAL-INSULATOR TRANSITIONS IN DISORDERED SYSTEMS 33
MYRIAM P. SARACHIK 33
3.1 CRITICAL ExPONENT PUZZLE IN 3D 33
3.2 NOVEL PHENOMENA IN DILUTE 2D SYSTEMS: NEW PHYSICS OR OLD? 33
4 THE NATURE OF SUPERFLUID 3HE IN SILICA AEROGEL 47
D. D. OSHEROFF, B. 1. BARKER, AND Y. LEE 47
4.1 INTRODUCTION 47
4.2 RESULTS OF THE FIRST STUDY 51
4.3 RESULTS OF THE SECOND STUDY 54
4.4 COMPARISON WITH PREVIOUS RESULTS 59
4.5 CONCLUSIONS 61
5 RVB DESCRIPTION OF HIGH-T, SUPERCONDUCTORS 63
PATRICK A. LEE 63
5.1 INTRODUCTION 63
5.2 REVIEW OF RVB THEORY 64
5.3 PROJECTED WAVEFUNCTIONS AND STAGGERED CURRENT FLUCTUATIONS 68
5.4 CONCLUSION 73
6. ANGLE-RESOLVED PHOTOEMISSION RESULTS IN CUPRATES 75
J. C. CAMPUZANO 75
6.1 INTRODUCTION 75
6.2 NATURE OF THE ELECTRONIC STATES 76
6.3 EXCITATIONS AT THE FERMI SURFACE 77
6.4 QUASIPARTICLES IN THE SUPERCONDUCTING STATE 80
6.5 NEW ENERGY SCALES IN THE SUPERCONDUCTING STATE 82
7. SPIN EXCITATIONS IN COPPER OXIDE SUPERCONDUCTORS 91
B. KEIMER 91
7.1 INTRODUCTION 91
7,2 NEUTRON SPECTROSCOPY RESULTS IN CUPRATES 92
7.3 STRIPE FORMATION IN LA2-xSRxCU04 94
7.4 MAGNETIC RESONANCE PEAK IN CUPRATES 95
7.5 ORIGIN OF THE RESONANCE PEAK 97
7.6 CONCLUSION 100
8. ANDERSON'S THEORY OF HIGH-T, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY 103
G.BASKARAN 103
8.1 INTRODUCTION 103
8.2 THE RVB THEORY OF 1987 104
8.3 THREE APECTS OF ANDERSON'S 1987 MECHANISM 110
8.4 SOME COMMENTS ON ANDERSON'S SOLUTION 112
8.5 APPENDIX 113
9 QUANTUM CONFINEMENT AND CUPRATE CRITICALITY 121
T. SENTHIL AND MATTHEW P. A. FISHER 121
9.1 INTRODUCTION 121
9.2 EXPERIMENTS 122
9.3 NOVEL EXCITATIONS 122
9.4 THE Z2 GAUGE THEORY. 123
9.5 PHASE DIAGRAM. 123
9.6 CHARGON CONDENSATION AND SUPERCONDUCTIVITY 127
9.7 QUANTUM CONFINEMENT CRITICAL POINT 128
9.8 EXPERIMENTAL IMPLICATIONS 130
9.9 COMPARISON WITH ANDERSON'S RVB STATE 132
10 SPIN-TRIPLET SUPERCONDUCTIVITY OF SR2RuO4 135
Y. MAENO 135
10.1 INTRODUCTION 135
10.2 QUASI-21) FERMI LIQUID PROPERTIES 137
10.3 SPIN-TRIPLET SUPERCONDUCTIVITY. 138
10.4 ANISOTROPY OF THE SUPERCONDUCTING GAP 141
10.5 H - T PHASE DIAGRAM 143
10.6 CONCLUDING REMARKS 146
11 TRIPLET QUASI-ONE-DIMENSIONAL SUPERCONDUCTORS 151
S. E. BROWN, M. J. NAUGHTON, 1. J. LEE, E. 1. CHASHECHKINA, AND P. M. CHAIKIN 151
11.1 INTRODUCTION 151
11.2 EARLY RESULTS ON P-WAVE PAIRING. 153
11.3 DIMENSIONALITY REDUCTION IN A MAGNETIC FIELD 154
11.4 INTERLAYER DECOUPLING 156
11.5 RECENT EXPERIMENTS ON SPIN PAIRING 161
11.6 CONCLUSIONS 169
12 MAGNETIC MOMENTS IN METALS 173
H. R. OTT 173
12.1 INTRODUCTION 173
12.2 HEAVY (SLow) ELECTRONS 177
12.3 COEXISTENCE OF MAGNETIC ORDER AND HEAVY ELECTRONS 180
12.4 NON-FERMI-LIQUID FEATURES OF HEAVY-ELECTRON METALS 182
12.5 SUPERCONDUCTIVITY OF HEAVY ELECTRON METALS 183
12.6 CONCLUSIONS 186
13 SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND MAGNETISM IN HEAVY-FERMIONS 191
F. STEGLICH el al. 191
13.1 INTRODUCTION 192
13.2 MAGNETIC -EXCITON MEDIATED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY 194
13.3 ANTIFERROMAGNETISM AND SUPERCONDUCTIVITY 197
13.4 HEAVY-FERMION METALS NEAR A MAGNETIC INSTABILITY 203 13.5 OUTLOOK. 206
14 THE MOTT TRANSITION 211
G. KOTLIAR 211
14.1 INTRODUCTION 211
14.2 MODEL HAMILTONIAN 212
14.3 MEAN FIELD THEORY 214
14.4 SPECTRAL FUNCTIONS OF STRONGLY CORRELATED STATES 219
14.5 ANOMALOUS RESISTIVITY AND SPECTRAL WEIGHT 222
14.6 THE MOTT TRANSITION AS A BIFURCATION 226
14.7 EXTENSIONS OF DYNAMICAL MEAN FIELD METHODS 230
14.8 CONCLUSIONS 232
15 FIRST STEPS IN GLASS THEORY 237
MARC WZARD 237
15.1 INTRODUCTION 237
15.2 MATHEMATICS 237
15.3 EXPERIMENTS 238
15.4 A MEAN-FIELD SPIN-GLASS ANALOGY 240
15.5 A LESSON FROM MEAN-FIFLD: MANY VALLEYS 243
15.6 BEYOND THE ANALOGY: FIRST- PRINCIPLES COMPUTATION 246
15.7 CONCLUSION 251
16 GEOMETRICAL FRUSTRATION AND MARGINAL CONSTRAINT 255
A. P. RAMIREZ 255
16.1 INTRODUCTION 255
16.2 GEOMETRICAL FRUSTRATION 256
16.3 ORDINARY WATER ICE 259
16.4 SPIN ICE IN PYROCHLORES 260
16.5 KAGOME-LIKE SYSTEMS 262
16.6 GEOMETRICAL FRUSTRATION IN NON-MAGNETIC SYSTEMS 264
17 OLFACTION AND COLOR VISION: MORE IS SIMPLER 269
J. J. HOPFIELD 269
17.1 COLOR VISION 270
17.2 OLFACTION 271
17.3 COMPARATIVE PROBLEMS OF VISION AND OLFACTION 272
17.4 THE LOGARITHMIC DISTRIBUTION OF ODORANT BINDING CONSTANTS 272
17.5 ODORANT MODELING 273
17.6 OLFACTORY TASKS IN A LEAST-SQUARED ERROR ALGORITHM 275
17.7 AN APPROACH THROUGH LARGE-n 276
17.8 ON THE LARGE NUMBER n OF CELL TYPES: MORE IS SIMPLER 280
17.9 SEPARATION OF TWO UNKNOWN ODORS 281
17.10 MORE IS SIMPLER 284
18 SCREENING AND GIANT CHARGE INVERSION IN ELECTROLYTES 285
T. T. NGUYEN, A. Yu. GROSBERG, AND B. 1. SHKLOVSKII 285
18.1 INTRODUCTION 285
18.2 SCREENING OF CHARGED SURFACE BY SPHERICAL Z-IONS. 292
18.3 LONG CHARGED RODS AS Z-IONS 297
19 FOREST FIRES AND LUMINOUS MATTER IN THE UNIVERSE 301
PER BAK AND KAN CHEN 301
19.1 INTRODUCTION 302
19.2 THE FOREST FIRE MODEL 303
19.3 SCALE-DEPENDENT DIMENSION OF LUMINOUS MATTER 306
19.4 FOREST FIRES AND MEASLES 310
20 COMPLEXITY IN COSMOLOGY 313
L. PIETRONERo el aL 313
20.1 INTRODUCTION 313
20.2 FRACTAL STRUCTURES AND SELF ORGANIZATION 314
20.3 RECONSTRUCTING THE PUZZLE 319
20.3.1 SCALING PROPERTIES AND DATA ANALYSIS. 321
20.3.2 IMPLICATIONS OF FRACTAL STRUCTURE UP TO Ao 324
20.4 FRACTAL COSMOLOGY IN AN OPEN UNIVERSE 326
21 STATISTICAL PHYSICS AND COMPUTATIONAL COMPLEXITY 331
S. KIRKPATRICK AND B. SELMAN 331
21.1 INTRODUCTION 331
21.2 SATISFIABILITY AND HARD-PROBLEM INSTANCES 332
21.3 CONNECTIONS TO STATISTICAL PHYSICS 336
21.4 A CLOSER LOOK AT THE PHASE TRANSITION. 337
21.5 MIXTURES OF 2-SAT AND 3-SAT PROBLEMS. 339

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File created: 11/11/2014

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