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Becoming the Buddha:
The Ritual of Image Consecration in Thailand
Donald K. Swearer

Book Description | Reviews
Introduction

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

List of Illustrations xiii
Preface xv
Note and Abbreviations xvii

PART I
INTRODUCTION 3

CHAPTER 1. BUDDHA AND BUDDHA IMAGE 9
The Power of Images 10
The Buddha Image in Northern Thailand 12
Scriptural Accounts of the First Buddha Image 14
The Buddha Image: An Art Historical Perspective 24

CHAPTER 2. MEETING THE BUDDHA: TEMPLE, IMAGE, AND RELIC 31
Wat, Reliquary, and Buddha Image 31
Reliquary and Image: Correlative Signs of the Buddha's Presence 35
Buddha Image and Wat: Nature and Function 40
Consecration and Renewal 42

CHAPTER 3. CONSTRUCTING A BUDDHA IMAGE 46
Bronze Image Manufacture in Northern Thailand 46
Texts 50
Tamra Kan Kosang Phraphuttharup (Manual for Making a Buddha Image) 50
Anisong Kan Kosang Phraphuttharup (The Meritorious Blessing for Making Buddha Images) 60
Yan Phraphuttharup (Buddha Image Yantra) 63
Analysis 68

PART II

CHAPTER 4. THE RITUAL: OPENING THE EYES OF THE BUDDHA 77
The Setting 79
The Bodhimanda 79
Offerings to the Guru 83
The Ritual Process 86
Preliminaries 86
Paritta and Image Consecration 88
Texts 90
Buddhajayamangala Atthagatha (The Auspicious Victory) 90
Dasa Parami (The Ten Perfections) 91
Sukho Buddho (Happiness Is the Buddha) 92
Jinapañjara Gatha (The Victor's Cage) 92
Paritta and Abhiseka 93

Opening the Eyes of the Buddha 94
Sermons: Ordaining the Buddha 96
The Performative Power of Meditation and Holy Monks 99
The Third Watch of the Night 102
Texts 107
Mangala Udana Gatha (Stanzas of Auspicious Joy) 107
Yo Kho Ananda (O Ananda) 107
Buddhanussati (Remembering the Buddha) 107
Making the Buddha Present 108
Appendix 4.1 Paritta and Suat Mon 115
Appendix 4.2 Monastic Biographies: Luang Pu La , Luang Pu Waen, Khruba Phrohm 118

CHAPTER 5. INSTRUCTING THE IMAGE 122
Introduction and Analysis 122
Texts 129
Pathom Somphot (The Buddha's Supreme Enlightenment) 129
Anisong Pathom Somphot (The Meritorious Blessing for Copying or Listening to the Pathom Somphot) 137
Sitthat Ok Buat (Siddhattha's Renunciation) 138

CHAPTER 6. EMPOWERING THE IMAGE 152
Introduction and Analysis 152
Texts 156
Buddha Abhiseka (Consecrating the Buddha) 156
Suat Boek Phranet (Opening the Eyes of the Buddha) 164

PART III

CHAPTER 7. THE BODY OF THE BUDDHA: POPULAR BUDDHISM AND BUDDHOLOGICAL THEORY 175
Buddhas: Past, Present, and Future 176
Buddha-body and Dhamma-body 184
Buddha Images, Kings, and Power 192
Texts 197
Tamnan Ka Phu'ak (The Chronicle of the White Crow) 197
Tamnan Phra Sila (The Chronicle of the Stone Buddha Image) 205

CHAPTER 8. CONSECRATION TRADITIONS IN OTHER BUDDHIST CULTURES: REASSESSING THE BUDDHABHISEKA 211
Auspicious Eyes: Enlivening the Image 212
Dhammicization: Image and Reality 218
Transformation: Sadhana 222
Syncretization: Buddha, Gods, and Ancestral Spirits 224
Conclusion: Stories and Saints, Icons and Images 230
Appendix 8.1 Hindu or Buddhist? 232

EPILOGUE: IF YOU MEET THE BUDDHA, KILL HIM! 235
P. A. Payutto (Phra Dhammapitaka) 238
Sacred Objects, Efficacious Deities, and Miracles 239
Buddhad sa Bhikkhu 242
Who Sees Me Sees the Dhamma 243
Everyday Language/Dhamma Language 244
Phra Bodhirak and Santi Asok 246

Notes 249
Glossary of Selected Pali and Thai Terms 299
Selected Bibliography 303
Index 321

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File created: 4/17/2014

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