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Flight Dynamics
Robert F. Stengel

Book Description | Reviews
Chapter 1 [in PDF format]

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

  • Preface

  • 1. Introduction
    • Elements of the Airplane
      • Airframe Components
      • Propulsion Systems
    • Representative Flight Vehicles
      • Light General Aviation Aircraft
      • Variable-Stability Research Aircraft
      • Sailplane
      • Business Jet Aircraft
      • Turboprop Commuter Aircraft
      • Small Commercial Transport Aircraft
      • Large Commercial Transport Aircraft
      • Supersonic Transport Aircraft
      • Fighter/Attack Aircraft
      • Bomber Aircraft
      • Space Shuttle
      • Uninhabited Air Vehicle
    • The Mechanics of Flight
    • References for Chapter 1
  • 2. Exploring the Flight Envelope
    • The Earth's Atmosphere
      • Pressure, Density, and the Speed of Sound
      • Viscosity, Humidity, and Rain
      • Wind Fields and Atmospheric Turbulence
    • Kinematic Equations
      • Translational Position and Velocity
      • Angular Orientation and Rate
      • Airflow Angles
      • Summary of Axis Systems and Transformations
    • Forces and Moments
      • Alternative Axis Systems
      • Aerodynamic Forces and Moments
    • Static Aerodynamic Coefficients
      • Lift
      • Drag
      • Pitching Moment
      • Side Force
      • Yawing Moment
      • Rolling Moment
      • Ground Effect
    • Thrusting Characteristics of Aircraft Powerplants
      • Propellers
      • Reciprocating Engines
      • Turboprop, Turbofan, and Turbojet Engines
      • Ramjet and Scramjet Engines
    • Steady Flight Performance
      • Straight-and-Level Flight
      • Steady Flight Envelope
      • Cruising Range
      • Gliding Flight
      • Climbing Flight
      • Maneuvering Envelope
      • Steady Turning Flight
    • References for Chapter 2
  • 3. The Dynamics of Aircraft Motion
    • Momentum and Energy
      • Translational Momentum, Work, Energy, and Power
      • Energy-Changing Maneuvers
      • Angular Momentum and Energy
    • Dynamic Equations for a Flat Earth
      • Rigid-Body Dynamic Equations
      • Scalar Equations for a Symmetric Aircraft
      • Alternative Frames of Reference
      • Inertial Reference Frames
      • Body-Axis Reference Frames
      • Velocity- and Wind-Axis Reference Frames
      • Air-Mass-Relative Reference Frame
      • Direction Cosines and Quaternions
      • Acceleration Sensed at an Arbitrary Point
    • Dynamic Equations for a Round, Rotating Earth
      • Geometry and Gravity Field of the Earth
      • Rigid-Body Dynamic Equations
    • Aerodynamic Effects of Rotational and Unsteady Motion
      • Pitch-Rate Effects
      • Angle-of-Attack-Rate Effects
      • Yaw-Rate Effects
      • Roll-Rate Effects
      • Effects of Wind Shear and Wake Vortices
    • Aerodynamic Effects of Control
      • Elevators, Stabilators, Elevons, and Canards
      • Rudders
      • Ailerons
      • Spoilers and Flaps
      • Other Control Devices
      • Isolated Control Surfaces
      • Trailing-Edge Flaps
    • Solution of Nonlinear Differential Equations
      • Numerical Algorithms for Integration
      • Equations of Motion
      • Representation of Data
      • Trimmed Solution of the Equations of Motion
    • References for Chapter 3
  • 4. Methods of Analysis and Design
    • Local Linearization of Differential Equations
      • Stability and Control Derivatives
      • Incorporating Unsteady Aerodynamic Effects
      • Symmetric Aircraft in Wings-Level Flight
      • Longitudinal Equations of Motion
      • Lateral-Directional Equations of Motion
      • Stability-Axis Equations of Motion
    • Solution of Linear Differential Equations
      • Numerical Integration and State Transition
      • Static and Quasistatic Equilibrium Response to Inputs
      • Initial Response to Control Inputs
      • Controllability and Observability of Motions
      • Truncation and Residualization
    • Stability and Modes of Motion
      • Stability of Transient Response
      • Fourier and Laplace Transforms
      • Modes of Aircraft Motion
      • Phase Plane
    • Frequency-Domain Analysis
      • Transfer Functions and Frequency Response
      • Nyquist Plot and Nichols Chart
      • Root Locus
    • Dealing with Uncertainty
      • Random Variables and Processes
      • Dynamic Response to Random Inputs and Initial Conditions
      • Effects of System Parameter Variations
      • System Survey
      • Monte Carlo Evaluation
      • Stochastic Root Locus
    • Linear Aeroelasticity
      • Stress, Strain, and Material Properties
      • Monocoque and Semi-Monocoque Structures
      • Force and Moments on a Simple Beam
      • Static Deflection of a Simple Beam under Load
      • Vibrations of a Simple Beam
      • Coupled Vibrations of an Elastically Restrained Rigid Airfoil
      • Vibrations of a Complex Structure
      • The Four-Block Structure
      • Fuel Slosh
    • Introduction to Flying Qualities and Flight Control Systems
      • Cognitive/Biological Models and Piloting Action
      • Aircraft Flying Qualities
      • Linear-Quadratic Regulator
      • Steady-State Response to Command Input
      • Implicit Model-Following and Integral Compensation
      • Optimal State Estimation
      • Linear-Quadratic-Gaussian Regulator
      • Design for Stochastic Robustness
    • References for Chapter 4
  • 5. Longitudinal Motions
    • Longitudinal Equations of Motion
    • Reduced-Order Models of Long-Period Modes
      • Second-Order Phugoid-Mode Approximation
      • Effects of Compressibility
      • Effects of Altitude Variation
      • Effects of Wind Shear
    • Reduced-Order Model of the Short-Period Mode
      • Second-Order Approximation
      • Effects of Compressibility and High Angle of Attack
    • Coupled Phugoid/Short-Period Dynamics
      • Residualized Phugoid Mode
      • Fourth-Order Model
      • Longitudinal Flying Qualities
    • Control Mechanisms, Stick-Free Stability, and Trim
      • Elevator Control Mechanism
      • Short-Period/Control-Mechanism Coupling
      • Control Force for Trimmed Flight
      • Elevator Angle and Stick Force per g
      • "Tail-Wags-Dog" Effect
    • Longitudinal Aeroelastic Effects
      • Truncated and Residualized Elastic-Body Models
      • Coupling of the Short Period with a Single Elastic Mode
    • References for Chapter 5
  • 6. Lateral-Directional Motions
    • Lateral-Directional Equations of Motion
    • Reduced-order Model of the Dutch Roll Mode
    • Reduced-order Model of Roll and Spiral Modes
    • Coupled Lateral-Directional Dynamics
      • A Truncated Dutch roll/Roll Model
      • Residualized Lateral-Directional Models
      • Fourth-Order Model
      • Lateral-Directional Flying Qualities
    • Control Mechanisms, Nonlinearity, and Time Delay
      • Rudder Control Mechanism
      • Dutch roll/Rudder Coupling
      • Quasi-linear Representation of Nonlinearity
      • Quasi-linear Root Locus Analysis
      • Roll-Spiral/Aileron Coupling
      • Spoiler Nonlinearity and Time Delay
    • Lateral-Directional Aeroelastic Effects
      • Equilibrium Response to Control
      • Eigenvalues and Root Locus Analysis of Parameter Variations
      • Response to Initial Conditions and Step Control Inputs
    • References for Chapter 6
  • 7. Coupled Longitudinal and Lateral-Directional Motions
    • Small-amplitude Motions
      • Effects of Rotating Machinery
      • Asymmetric Inertial and Aerodynamic Properties
      • Asymmetric Flight Condition and Constant Angular Rate
      • Coupling Controls
    • Inertial Coupling of Pitch and Yaw Motions
      • Fifth-Order Model of Coupled Dynamics
      • Truncated and Residualized Fourth-Order Models
      • Response to Controls During Steady Rolling
    • Multiple Equilibrium Points
      • Second-order Examples of Multiple Equilibria
      • Effects of Cross-Coupling and Control on Rolling Equilibrium
    • Flight at High Angle of Attack
      • High-Angle-of-Attack Aerodynamics and Control Effects
      • Fully Developed Spins
      • Simulated Motions of a Business Jet Aircraft
      • Stability of High-Angle-of-Attack Maneuvers
      • Pilot-Aircraft Interactions
      • Gain-Scheduled Stability and Command Augmentation
      • Adaptive Neural Network Control
      • Robust Nonlinear-Inverse-Dynamic Control
    • References for Chapter 7
  • Epilogue

  • Appendices
    • Constants, Units, and Conversion Factors
    • Mathematical Model and Six-Degree-of-Freedom Simulation of a Business Jet Aircraft
      • Main Program for Analysis and Simulation (FLIGHT)
      • Low-Angle-of-Attack, Mach-Dependent Model (LoAeroModel)
      • High-Angle-of-Attack, Low-Subsonic Model (HiAeroModel)
      • Supporting Functions
        • Equations of Motion (EoM)
        • Cost Function for Aerodynamic Trim (TrimCost)
        • Direction Cosine Matrix (DCM)
        • Linear System Matrices (LinModel)
        • Wind Field (WindField)
        • Atmospheric State (Atmos)
      • Linear System Survey
        • Main Program for Analysis and Simulation (SURVEY)
        • Supporting Functions
          • Reduced-Order Models (LonLatDir)
          • Transient Response (Trans)
          • Static Response (Static)
          • Controllability and Observability (ConObs)
          • Natural Frequency (NatFreq)
          • Stability and Modes of Motion (StabMode)
    • Paper Airplane Program
    • Bibliography of NASA Reports Related to Aircraft Configuration Aerodynamics

      Return to Book Description

      File created: 11/11/2014

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