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Why Not Kill Them All?
The Logic and Prevention of Mass Political Murder
Daniel Chirot & Clark McCauley

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Acknowledgments ix
INTRODUCTION: Are We Killers or Peacemakers? 1

CHAPTER ONE: Why Genocides? Are They Different Now Than in the Past? 11
The Four Main Motives Leading to Mass Political Murder 19
Are Modern Genocides and Ethnic Cleansings Different? Retribalization and the Modern State 45

CHAPTER TWO: The Psychological Foundations of Genocidal Killing 51
How to Get Ordinary People to Become Butchers 52
Organization 57
Emotional Appeals: Leaders and Followers 58
Essentializing Others 81
The Dangerous Similar Others 87
The Conditions of Genocide 90

CHAPTER THREE: Why Is Limited Warfare More Common Than Genocide? 95
Weighing the Costs of Genocidal Conflicts 97
Limiting the Damage of Warfare 99
Exogamy: Making the Enemy Part of the Family 103
Establishing Codes of Warfare and Exchange to Limit Violence 111
Are Rules of Exogamy, Codes of Honor, and Potlatching Still Relevant? 116
The Mercantile Compulsion 121
Morality and Modesty: Rejecting Certitude 134
Yearning for Solutions 147

CHAPTER FOUR: Strategies to Decrease the Chances of Mass Political Murder in Our Time 149
State Policies That Reduce Hostility between Groups 155
Limiting Demands for Justice and Revenge 180
Modest Solutions and Small-Scale Changes to Promote Tolerance 187
The Crucial Role of States in Promoting Peaceful Exchanges 199
Individual Rights and Pluralist Histories 203

CONCLUSION: Our Question Answered 211

References 219
Index 249

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File created: 4/21/2017

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