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Analysis of Evolutionary Processes:
The Adaptive Dynamics Approach and Its Applications
Fabio Dercole & Sergio Rinaldi

Book Description | Reviews
Chapter 1 [HTML] or [PDF format]

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Preface xi

Chapter 1. Introduction to Evolutionary Processes 1
1.1 Origins of Evolutionary Theory 1
1.2 Genotypes and Phenotypes 5
1.3 Mutations 9
1.4 Selection 10
1.5 Evolution 13
1.6 The Red Queen Hypothesis 16
1.7 The Emergence of Diversity 17
1.8 Evolutionary Extinction 21
1.9 Examples 24

Chapter 2. Modeling Approaches 43
2.1 Overview 43
2.2 Population Genetics 47
2.3 Individual-based Evolutionary Models 53
2.4 Quantitative Genetics 55
2.5 Evolutionary Game Theory 59
2.6 Replicator Dynamics 62
2.7 Fitness Landscapes 64
2.8 Adaptive Dynamics 67
2.9 A Comparative Analysis 70

Chapter 3. The Canonical Equation of Adaptive Dynamics 74
3.1 The Evolving Community 74
3.2 The Resident-Mutant Model 76
3.3 The Example of Resource-Consumer Communities 79
3.4 Does Invasion Imply Substitution? 83
3.5 The AD Canonical Equation 88
3.6 Evolutionary State Portraits 95
3.7 Evolutionary Branching 99
3.8 The Role of Bifurcation Analysis 110
3.9 What Should We Expect from the AD Canonical Equation 116

Chapter 4. Evolutionary Branching and the Origin of Diversity 119
4.1 Introduction 119
4.2 A Market Model and Its AD Canonical Equation 121
4.3 A Simple Example of Technological Branching 129
4.4 Discussion and Conclusions 135

Chapter 5. Multiple Attractors and Cyclic Evolutionary Regimes 138
5.1 Introduction 138
5.2 A Model of Resource-Consumer Coevolution 139
5.3 The Catalog of Evolutionary Scenarios 144
5.4 Discussion and Conclusions 151

Chapter 6. Catastrophes of Evolutionary Regimes 153
6.1 Introduction 153
6.2 A Model for the Evolution of Cooperation 154
6.3 Catastrophic Disappearance of Evolutionary Attractors 159
6.4 Evolutionary Branching and the Origin of Cheaters 166
6.5 Discussion and Conclusions 169

Chapter 7. Branching-Extinction Evolutionary Cycles 172
7.1 Introduction 172
7.2 A Model of Cannibalistic Demographic Interactions 174
7.3 Coevolution of Dwarfs and Giants 177
7.4 The Branching-Extinction Evolutionary Cycle 182
7.5 Discussion and Conclusions 183

Chapter 8. Demographic Bistability and Evolutionary Reversals 186
8.1 Introduction 186
8.2 Biological Background 188
8.3 Asymmetric Competition and the Occurrence of Evolutionary Reversals 189
8.4 Slow-Fast Approximation of the AD Canonical Equation 195
8.5 Discussion and Conclusions 200

Chapter 9. Slow-Fast Populations Dynamics and Evolutionary Ridges 204
9.1 Introduction 204
9.2 Biological Background 207
9.3 The AD Canonical Equation for General Demographic Attractors 209
9.4 Evolutionary Sliding and Pseudo-equilibria 221
9.5 Results and Discussion 224
9.6 Concluding Remarks 229

Chapter 10. The First Example of Evolutionary Chaos 231
10.1 Introduction 231
10.2 A Tritrophic Food Chain Model and Its AD Canonical Equation 233
10.3 The Chaotic Evolutionary Attractor 235
10.4 Feigenbaum Cascade of Period-doubling Bifurcations 238
10.5 Discussion and Conclusions 241

Appendix A. Second-order Dynamical Systems and Their Bifurcations 243
A.1 Dynamical Systems and State Portraits 243
A.2 Structural Stability 248
A.3 Bifurcations as Collisions 250
A.4 Local Bifurcations 252
A.5 Global Bifurcations 259
A.6 Catastrophes, Hysteresis, and Cusp 261
A.7 Extinction Bifurcations 265
A.8 Numerical Methods and Software Packages 267
Appendix B. The Invasion Implies Substitution Theorem 272
Appendix C. The Probability of Escaping Accidental Extinction 277
Appendix D. The Branching Conditions 281

Bibliography 287
Index 325

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File created: 4/21/2017

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