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Resource Strategies of Wild Plants
Joseph M. Craine

Book Description | Reviews
Chapter 1 [HTML] or [PDF format]


Preface xi
Acknowledgments xv
Abbreviations xvii

CHAPTER 1: The Basis for Plant Strategies 1
Assessing Natural Selection 1
From Single Traits to Multitrait Strategies 5
Quantifying Plant Traits and Strategies 8
Ranking Strategies 9
Synthesis 13

CHAPTER 2: The History of Plant Strategies 15
Nutrients and the History of Plant Strategies 15
Grime 19
Chapin 26
Tilman 33
Laying the Foundation of Plant Strategies 41

CHAPTER 3: Stress and Disturbance 45
Defining Stress and Disturbance 45
Major Causes of Stress and Disturbance 48
How Herbivory Works 50
Growth in the Face of Stress and Disturbance 55
Responding after Stress and Disturbance 61
The Links to Resource Availability 62
Summary 62

CHAPTER 4: Resource Limitation 64
The Concept of Single-Resource limitation 65
History of the Nitrogen Cycle Concept 68
Pulses or Slow Bleeds? 75
Primer on the Phosphorus Cycle 79 Co-limitation in a Post-Liebigian World 80
Evaluating Costs in a Co-limited World 84
Trade-offs in Use Efficiency in a Co-limited World 87
Summary 89

CHAPTER 5: Competition for Nutrients and Light 91
Definitions and Types of Competition 92
Competition for Nutrients under Uniform Supplies 94
How Much Root Length? 104
Interference Competition 106
Competition for Nutrients under Heterogeneous Supplies 107
Competition for Light 109
Synthesis 114

CHAPTER 6: Comparing Negative Effects 119
Comparing Negative Effects 120
How to Measure the Importance of Stress and Disturbance
in Environments 122
How to Measure the Importance of Stress and Disturbance
in the Natural Selection of a Species 130
Importance of Factors at Low Nutrient Supply 132
Importance of Factors at High Nutrient Supply 139
The Relative Importance of Factors 145
Synthesis 146

CHAPTER 7: The Low-Nutrient Strategy 149
Physiological Traits 151
Whole-Plant Traits 169
Effects on Nitrogen Cycling 171
Revising the Low-Nutrient Strategy 173
Significance of Traits in Strategy 187
Synthesis 199

CHAPTER 8: The High-Resource Strategy 202
The Scope of This Chapter 204
Physiological Traits 205
Whole-Plant Traits 212
Effects on Nutrient Cycling 213
Revising the High-Resource Strategy 213 Significance of Traits in Strategy 217
Why the Race Ends 223
Synthesis 224

CHAPTER 9: The Low-Light Strategy 227
Physiological Traits 229
Whole-Plant Traits 233
Effects on Nutrient Cycling 236
Traits under High Light 236
Why These Patterns 239
The End of the Second Stage of Competition 246
Synthesis 248

CHAPTER 10: The Low-Water and Low-CO2 Strategies 251
Water 251
Carbon Dioxide 268
Summary 279

CHAPTER 11: A Synthesis of Plant Strategies 282
Application and the Way Forward 285
Genetics, Pleiotropy, and Plasticity 286
Limitation 287
Competition 289
Defense and Herbivory 290
Mechanisms of Coexistence 292
Biogeographic Patterns and Invasions 293
Global Change 295
Tree of Life 298

Bibliography 301
Index 327

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File created: 11/22/2015

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