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Philosophy after Darwin:
Classic and Contemporary Readings
Edited by Michael Ruse

Book Description | Endorsements
Introduction [in PDF format]

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Acknowledgments ix
Introduction 1

Part I. Epistemology after Darwin 13

HERBERT SPENCER: The Principles of Psychology 29
FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE: The Gay Science 32
CHAUNCEY WRIGHT: The Evolution of Self- Consciousness 34
CHARLES SANDERS PEIRCE: The Fixation of Belief 39
WILLIAM JAMES: Great Men, Great Thoughts, and the Environment 49
JOHN DEWEY: The Influence of Darwinism on Philosophy 55

Part II. Ethics after Darwin 63

CHARLES DARWIN: The Descent of Man 77
HERBERT SPENCER: The Data of Ethics 103
WILLIAM GRAHAM SUMNER: The Challenge of Facts 113
ANDREW CARNEGIE: The Gospel of Wealth 122
KARL PEARSON: Socialism 128
PRINCE PETR KROPOTKIN: Mutual Aid 130
ALFRED RUSSEL WALLACE: Human Progress: Past and Future 133
FRIEDRICH VON BERNHARDI: The Right to Make War 134
JACK LONDON: The Call of the Wild 137
G. E. MOORE: Principia Ethica: Naturalistic Ethics 141
THOMAS HENRY HUXLEY: Evolution and Ethics 152

Part III. The Evolution of Ideas 155

KARL POPPER: Darwinism as a Metaphysical Research Programme 167
THOMAS KUHN: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions 176
STEPHEN TOULMIN: The Evolutionary Development of Natural Science 177
DANIEL C. DENNETT: Memes and the Exploitation of Imagination 189
BRUCE EDMONDS: Three Challenges for the Survival of Memetics 198
DAVID HULL: Altruism in Science: A Sociobiological Model of Cooperative Behavior among Scientists 202
HILARY PUTNAM: Why Reason Cant Be Naturalized: Evolutionary Epistemology 217

Part IV. The Evolution of Rationality 221

KONRAD LORENZ: Kants Doctrine of the A Priori in the Light of Contemporary Biology 231
MICHAEL RUSE: The View from Somewhere: A Critical Defense of Evolutionary Epistemology 247
STEVEN PINKER: How the Mind Works 275
RONALD DE SOUSA: Evolution, Th inking, and Rationality 289
ALVIN PLANTINGA: The Evolutionary Argument against Naturalism: An Initial Statement of the Argument 301
EVAN FALES: Darwin's Doubt, Calvin's Calvary 309

Part V. Ethics and Progress 323
EDWARD O. WILSON On Human Nature 333
PETER SINGER A Darwinian Left : Politics, Evolution, and Cooperation 343
LARRY ARNHART Darwinian Conservatism 349
MICHAEL RUSE AND EDWARD O. WILSON: Moral Philosophy as Applied Science 365
PHILIP KITCHER: Four Ways of "Biologicizing" Ethics 379
ROBERT J. RICHARDS: A Defense of Evolutionary Ethics 388

Part VI. The Evolution of Altruism 411

MARC HAUSER: The Liver and the Moral Organ 423
ELLIOTT SOBER AND DAVID SLOAN WILSON: Unto Others 433
RICHARD JOYCE: Is Human Morality Innate? 452
ZACH ERNST: Game Theory in Evolutionary Biology 464
PETER SINGER: Ethics and Intuitions 476
MICHAEL RUSE: Evolution and Ethics: The Sociobiological Approach 489
CRAIG A. BOYD: Thomistic Natural Law and the Limits of Evolutionary Psychology 522
R. PAUL THOMPSON: An Evolutionary Account of Evil 533
GREGORY R. PETERSON: Falling Up: Evolution and Original Sin 539

Sources and Credits 549
Further Reading 553
Bibliography 561
Index 569

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File created: 10/23/2013

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