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Sex Allocation
Stuart West

Book Description | Reviews
Chapter 1 [in PDF format]

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Acknowledgments xi

Chapter 1: Sex Allocation 1
1.1 What Is Sex Allocation? 1
1.2 A Potted History 2
1.3 Why Is This Book Needed? 8
1.4 What Is in This Book 8
1.5 What Is Not in This Book 10
1.6 How To Read This Book 11
1.7 Language and Sex Ratios 12

Chapter 2: The Düsing-Fisher Theory of Equal Investment 14
2.1 Introduction 14
2.2 Fisher's Theory of Equal Investment 15
2.3 Darwin to Today 16
2.4 Differential Mortality 19
2.5 Testing Fisher's Theory 20
2.6 Conclusions and Future Directions 31

Chapter 3: Interactions between Relatives I: Cooperation and Competition 33
3.1 Introduction 33
3.2 Basic Theory 34
3.3 Local Resource Enhancement 40
3.4 Local Resource Competition 53
3.5 Conclusions and Future Directions 69

Chapter 4: Interactions between Relatives II: Local Mate Competition 73
4.1 Introduction 73
4.2 Classic Local Mate Competition Theory 74
4.3 Empirical Tests of Local Mate Competition Theory across Populations or Species 83
4.4 Facultative Adjustment of Offspring Sex Ratios by Individuals 93
4.5 Conclusions and Future Directions 107

Chapter 5: Interactions between Relatives III: Extended Local Mate Competition Theory 109
5.1 Introduction 109
5.2 Partial LMC 110
5.3 Variable Clutch Size 116
5.4 Sibmating and Split Sex Ratios in Haplodiploids 131
5.5 Inbreeding Depression 134
5.6 Limited Dispersal and Relatedness between Foundress Females 136
5.7 Haystacks 140
5.8 Asymmetrical Larval Competition 143
5.9 Fertility Insurance 143
5.10 Variance and Precision 151
5.11 Other Population Structures 154
5.12 Stochasticity 155
5.13 Conclusions and Future Directions 156

Chapter 6: Conditional Sex Allocation I: Basic Scenarios 162
6.1 Introduction 162
6.2 Theory 165
6.3 Solitary Parasitoid Wasps and Host Size 167
6.4 Maternal Quality in Ungulates 174
6.5 Maternal Quality and Related Factors in Nonungulates 182
6.6 Mate Attractiveness in Birds and Lizards 187
6.7 Environmental Sex Determination 191
6.8 Sex Change 198
6.9 Conclusions and Future Directions 205

Chapter 7: Conditional Sex Allocation II: Population Consequences and Further Complications 210
7.1 Introduction 210
7.2 Population-Level Patterns 211
7.3 Sex Change Complications 225
7.4 ESD Complications, Especially in Reptiles 243
7.5 Multiple Selective Forces: LMC and Host Size in Parasitoid Wasps 251
7.6 Simultaneous Hermaphrodites 254
7.7 Conclusions and Future Directions 255

Chapter 8: Sex Allocation When Generations Overlap 257
8.1 Introduction 257
8.2 Exceptional Mortality 258
8.3 Exceptional Recruitment 263
8.4 Cyclical Models 265
8.5 Conclusions and Future Directions 273

Chapter 9: Conflict I: Between Individuals 276
9.1 Introduction 276
9.2 Conflict under Fisherian Selection 277
9.3 Conflict under LMC, LRC, and LRE 278
9.4 Sibling Conflict in Haplodiploids and Single-Sex Broods 281
9.5 Polyembryonic Parasitoids 282
9.6 Sex Allocation Conflicts in the Eusocial Hymenoptera 287
9.7 Conclusions and Future Directions 311

Chapter 10: Conflict II: Sex Allocation Distorters 316
10.1 Introduction 316
10.2 Classification of Sex Ratio Distorters 317
10.3 Case Studies 329
10.4 Consequences of Sex Ratio Distorters 344
10.5 Conclusions and Future Directions 351

Chapter 11: General Issues 353
11.1 Introduction 353
11.2 The Success of Sex Allocation 354
11.3 The Use of Sex Allocation 355
11.4 Outstanding Problems 375

References 379
Index 463

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File created: 7/11/2014

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