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Prudes, Perverts, and Tyrants:
Plato's Gorgias and the Politics of Shame
Christina H. Tarnopolsky

Book Description | Reviews
Introduction [in PDF format]

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

List of Tables ix
Acknowledgments xi

Introduction 1
Contemporary Attitudes toward Shame 1
The Theoretical Debates Surrounding Shame 2
Plato's Relevance to the Contemporary Politics of Shame 6
Plato's Gorgias and the Politics of Shame 16
Prudes, Perverts, and Tyrants 21

PART ONE: Plato's Gorgias and the Athenian Politics of Shame 27

CHAPTER ONE: Shame and Rhetoric in Plato's Gorgias 29
Situating Plato's Gorgias within the Platonic Corpus 35
The Dual Character of the Socratic Elenchus 38
From Gorgianic Rhetoric to Platonic Rhetoric 41

CHAPTER TWO: Shaming Gorgias, Polus, and Callicles 56
The Refutation of Gorgias 61
The Refutation of Polus 65
The Refutation of Callicles 79
The Mechanisms of Shame 84

CHAPTER THREE: Plato on Shame in Democratic Athens 89
The Canonical View of Plato's Criticisms of Athens 90
Disrupting the Canon 91
Parrhe¯sia as an Athenian Democratic Ideal 96
Parrhe¯sia and Shame 98
The Structure of Shame 100
Flattering vs. Respectful Shame 104
Plato contra Tyrannical Democrats 110

CHAPTER FOUR: Socratic vs. Platonic Shame 114
Shame and Deception in Plato's Gorgias 114
The Myth as an Illustration of the Socratic Elenchus 120
Platonic Myth vs. Socratic Elenchus 126
Gregory Vlastos on Socratic and Platonic Irony 131
Alexander Nehamas on Socratic and Platonic Irony 133
Socratic vs. Platonic Irony in Plato's Gorgias 136

PART TWO: Plato's Gorgias and the Contemporary Politics of Shame 141

CHAPTER FIVE: Prudes, Perverts, and Tyrants: Plato and the Contemporary
Politics of Shame and Civility 143
The Contemporary Politics of Shame and Civility 143
Michael Warner and the Politics of Shame 145
Jean Bethke Elshtain and the Politics of Civility 147
Elshtain and Warner: Finding a Common Ground 150
The Conceptual Confusions Surrounding Shame 151
Solving the Conceptual Confusions 153
Socratic Respectful vs. Flattering Shame 160
Platonic Respectful Shame and the Search for Consensus 167

CHAPTER SIX: What's So Negative about the "Negative" Emotions? 172
Defining the "Negative" Emotions 172
Rationality and the Emotions 178
Primitive vs. Advanced Emotions 183
The Positivity of Negativity 193

Bibliography 197
Index 211

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File created: 7/11/2014

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