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Resolving Ecosystem Complexity (MPB-47)
Oswald J. Schmitz

Book Description | Reviews
Chapter 1 [in PDF format]


List of Illustrations ix
List of Tables xiii
Preface xv

Chapter 1: Introduction 1
Philosophical Musings 2
Explaining Contingency: A Worldview 4
Contingency and Emergence 5
Preparing the Mind for Discovery 7
Structure of the Book 8

Chapter 2: Conceptualizing Ecosystem Structure 10
Abstracting Complexity 11
Whole System vs. Building Blocks Approach 13
Defining Species Interaction Modules 15
Identifying Interaction Modules in a Grassland Ecosystem 16
Conception of Ecosystem Structure 20

Chapter 3: Trophic Dynamics: Why Is the World Green? 23
Trophic Control as an Emergent Property of Resource Limitation 24
Explaining Contingency in Trophic Control of Ecosystem Function 26
The Nature of Resource Limitation and Trophic Control of Food Chains 28
The Mechanism Switching Hypothesis of Trophic Control 32
Effects of Herbivore Feeding Mode 36
Collective Effects of Herbivore Species with Different Feeding Modes 38
Plant- Antiherbivore Defense and Strength of Trophic Control 39
Herbivore Resource Selection and Ecosystem Function 41
Stoichiometry and Herbivore Resource Use 42
Resource Selection and Ecosystem Function 43
Herbivore Indirect Effects and Engineering of Green Worlds 46
Herbivore- Mediated Carnivore Indirect Effects on Ecosystems 47
Carnivore Indirect Effects on Plant Diversity 47
Carnivore Indirect Effects on Ecosystem Function 50

Chapter 4: The Green World and the Brown Chain 55
Conceptualizing Functions along Detritus- Based Chains 56
Resource Limitation and Trophic Control 57
Trophic Control of Decomposition 59
Trophic Control of Mineralization 61
Mechanisms of Top- Down Control 62
Trophic Coupling between Detritus- Based and Plant- Based Chains 64

Chapter 5: The Evolutionary Ecology of Trophic Control in Ecosystems 68
Carnivore Species and the Nature of Trophic Interactions in an Old- Field System 69
Carnivore Hunting Mode and the Nature of Trophic Interactions 74
The Evolutionary Ecology of Trophic Cascades 86

Chapter 6: The Whole and the Parts 99
Developing Predictive Theory for Emergence 100
Contingency and Carnivore Diversity Effects on Ecosystems 101
Carnivore Diversity and Emergent Effects on Ecosystem Function 106
Shifting Down One Trophic Level: Intermediate Species Diversity and Ecosystem Function 110
Herbivore Diversity and Mediation of Top- Down Control of Ecosystem Function 112
Detritivore Diversity and Mediation of Top- Down Control of Ecosystem Function 117
The Basal Trophic Level: Plant Diversity and Ecosystem Function 118
Functional Classifications 119
Resource Identity Effects on Trophic Interactions 121
Moving Forward on Functional Diversity and Ecosystem Function 122

Chapter 7: The Ecological Theater and the Evolutionary Ecological Play 125
Phenotypic Variation and State- Dependent Trade- Offs 127
Attacked Plants Attract Predators 129
Predators That Avoid Predation 130
The Nonconsumptive Basis of Trophic Transfer Efficiencies 132
Trophic Interactions in a Changing Theater 133
Rapid Change in Hunting Strategy 135
Landscapes of Fear and Ecosystem Management 135
Closing Remarks 139
References 143
Index 167

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File created: 4/21/2017

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