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Catholicism and Democracy:
An Essay in the History of Political Thought
Emile Perreau-Saussine
Translated by Richard Rex
With a foreword by Alasdair MacIntyre

Book Description | Reviews
Introduction [in PDF format]


Foreword by Alasdair MacIntyre vii
Introduction 1

Part I. A New Role for the Papacy: The Origins of Vatican I 5
Chapter 1. From Bossuet to Maistre: The Deconfessionalization of the State
as a Political Problem 7
The Civil Constitution of the Clergy 7
The Autonomy of the Temporal Power in Relation to the Church 15
The Alliance of Church and State as a Matrix of Intolerance 22
The Inadequacy of Spiritual Constraints and the Need for Temporal
Constraints 26
The French Revolution through the Lens of Political Theology 30

Chapter 2. The Collapse of Reactionary Ultramontanism 37
Napoleon's Miscalculations 37
Felicite de Lamennais on the Atheism of the Law 46
Against Political Theology 51
A Papacy Refocused on Its Spiritual Role 58
Alexis de Tocqueville and the Preservation of Gallicanism 69

Part II. A New Role for the Laity: The Origins of Vatican II 81
Chapter 3. Intolerant Secularism and Liberal Secularism 83
Auguste Comte: From Papal Infallibility to the Infallibility of Science 84
Laicism as Statism 88
Two Kinds of Laicity 95
Emile Littre's "Catholicism of Universal Suffrage" 99
Charles Peguy: The Eternal Dwelling in the Temporal 103

Chapter 4. The Political Virtues of Moderation 109
Neither Maurras nor Marx 109
The Political Role of the Laity 117
Freedom of Religion as the Cornerstone of Catholic Political Thought 127
A Degree of Disenchantment since Vatican II 132
A Positive Idea of Laicity 141

Conclusion 147
Notes 153
Index 179

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File created: 4/21/2017

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