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Votes, Vetoes, and the Political Economy of International Trade Agreements
Edward D. Mansfield & Helen V. Milner

Book Description | Reviews
Chapter 1 [in PDF format]


List of Figures and Tables vii
Preface and Acknowledgments ix
Commonly Used Abbreviations xi

Chapter 1: Introduction 1
What Are PTAs and Why Are They Important? 5
Economic Effects of PTAs 7
Political and Security Effects of PTAs 8
PTAs in Historical Perspective 9
The Effects of Domestic Politics on PTAs: The Argument in Brief 14
The Broader Theoretical Context 19
Organization of the Book 21

Chapter 2: A Political Economy Theory of International Trade Agreements 23
A Political Economy Theory of PTAs 24
Examining the Assumptions Underlying the Theory 30
An Alternative Argument about PTAs and Domestic Politics:
The Role of Interest Groups 37
Regime Type, Domestic Political Costs, and PTAs 41
Two Cases of Democracy and PTA Formation: SADC and Mercosur 45
Veto Players, Transaction Costs, and PTAs 55
Some Illustrations of the Effects of Veto Players on PTA Formation 58
Further Effects of Domestic Politics on International Trade Agreements: Auxiliary Hypotheses 63
Conclusion 68

Chapter 3: Systemic Influences on PTA Formation 70
International Influences on PTA Formation 71
The Models and Estimation Procedures 77
Estimates of the Parameters 83
The GATT/WTO and PTA Formation 88
Conclusions 90

Chapter 4: Regime Type, Veto Players, and PTA Formation 93
Two Theoretical Propositions 93
Empirical Tests of the Hypotheses 96
Results of the Empirical Analysis 104
Robustness Checks 113
Conclusions 121

Chapter 5: Auxiliary Hypotheses about Domestic Politics
and Trade Agreements 122
PTAs and the Longevity of Political Leaders 124
Partisanship and PTAs 128
Regime Type and Exposure to the International Economy 129
Autocracies, Political Competition, and PTAs 132
The Extent of Proposed Integration and Enforcement 137
Ratification Delay and Veto Players 145
Conclusions 151

Chapter 6: Conclusions 155
The Argument and Evidence in Brief 156
Some Implications for the Study of International Relations 161
PTAs and the World Economy 171
PTAs and the International Political Economy: Power and Politics 174

Bibliography 179
Index 201

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File created: 4/21/2017

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