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The First Galaxies in the Universe
Abraham Loeb & Steven R. Furlanetto

Book Description | Reviews
Chapter 1 [in PDF format]

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Preface xi

PART I. FUNDAMENTALS OF STRUCTURE FORMATION 1

Chapter 1 Introduction and Cosmological Background 3

  • 1.1 Preliminary Remarks 3
  • 1.2 Standard Cosmological Model 5
  • 1.3 Milestones in Cosmic Evolution 15
  • 1.4 Most Matter Is Dark 20

Chapter 2 Linear Growth of Cosmological Perturbations 25

  • 2.1 Growth of Linear Perturbations 25
  • 2.2 The Thermal History during the Dark Ages 35

Chapter 3 Nonlinear Structure and Halo Formation 41

  • 3.1 Spherical Collapse 41
  • 3.2 Cosmological Jeans Mass 45
  • 3.3 Halo Properties 51
  • 3.4 Abundance of Dark Matter Halos 56
  • 3.5 Halo Clustering in Linear Theory 65
  • 3.6 The Nonlinear Power Spectra of Dark Matter and Galaxies 68
  • 3.7 Numerical Simulations of Structure Formation 78

Chapter 4 The Intergalactic Medium 92

  • 4.1 The Cosmic Web 92
  • 4.2 Lyman-a Absorption in the Intergalactic Medium 95
  • 4.3 Theoretical Models of the Lyman-a Forest 100
  • 4.4 The Metagalactic Ionizing Background 114
  • 4.5 The Helium-Ionizing Background 120
  • 4.6 Metal-Line Systems 121
  • 4.7 The Lyman-a Forest at z > 5 125

PART II. THE FIRST STRUCTURES 131

Chapter 5 The First Stars 133

  • 5.1 From Virialized Halos to Protostars 136
  • 5.2 From Protostars to Stars 144
  • 5.3 The Second Generation of Stars: "Population III.2" 157
  • 5.4 Properties of the First Stars 163
  • 5.5 The End States of Population III Stars 168
  • 5.6 Gamma-Ray Bursts: The Brightest Explosions 170

Chapter 6 Stellar Feedback and Galaxy Formation 174

  • 6.1 The Ultraviolet Background and H2 Photodissociation 174
  • 6.2 The X-ray Background: Positive Feedback 184
  • 6.3 Radiative Feedback: Mechanical Effects 186
  • 6.4 Galactic Superwinds and Mechanical Feedback 192
  • 6.5 Metal Enrichment and the Transition to Population II Star Formation 201
  • 6.6 The First Galaxies 211

Chapter 7 Supermassive Black Holes 217

  • 7.1 Quasars and Black Holes: An Overview 217
  • 7.2 Basic Principles of Astrophysical Black Holes 222
  • 7.3 Accretion of Gas onto Black Holes 225
  • 7.4 The First Black Holes and Quasars 232
  • 7.5 Black Holes and Galaxies 237
  • 7.6 Black Hole Binaries 244
  • 7.7 Gravitational Waves from Black Hole Mergers 247

Chapter 8 Physics of Galaxy Evolution 251

  • 8.1 High-Redshift Galaxies 251
  • 8.2 Gas Accretion 253
  • 8.3 Halo Mergers 255
  • 8.4 Disk Formation 256
  • 8.5 Star Formation in Galaxies 258
  • 8.6 Black Hole Growth in Galaxies 263
  • 8.7 Feedback and Galaxy Evolution 264
  • 8.8 From Galaxy Model to Stellar Spectra 266
  • 8.9 Signatures of the Interstellar Medium 269
  • 8.10 Gravitational Lensing 275

Chapter 9 The Reionization of Intergalactic Hydrogen 283

  • 9.1 Propagation of Ionization Fronts 283
  • 9.2 Global Ionization History 288
  • 9.3 The Phases of Hydrogen Reionization 291
  • 9.4 The Morphology of Reionization 293
  • 9.5 Recombinations inside Ionized Regions 302
  • 9.6 Simulations of Reionization 308
  • 9.7 Statistical Properties of the Ionization Field 315
  • 9.8 Reionization by Quasars and Other Exotic Sources 319
  • 9.9 Feedback from Reionization: Photoheating 326

PART III. OBSERVATIONS OF THE COSMIC DAWN 335

Chapter 10 Surveys of High-Redshift Galaxies 337

  • 10.1 Telescopes for Observing High-Redshift Galaxies 337
  • 10.2 Methods for Identifying High-Redshift Galaxies 340
  • 10.3 Luminosity and Mass Functions 350
  • 10.4 The Statistics of Galaxy Surveys 357

Chapter 11 The Lyman-a Line as a Probe of the Early Universe 367

  • 11.1 Lyman-a Emission from Galaxies 367
  • 11.2 The Gunn-Peterson Trough 375
  • 11.3 IGM Scattering in the Blue Wing of the Lyman-a Line 376
  • 11.4 The Red Damping Wing 382
  • 11.5 The Lyman-a Forest as a Probe of the Reionization Topology 388
  • 11.6 Lyman-a halos around Distant Sources 390
  • 11.7 Lyman-a Emitters during the Reionization Era 396

Chapter 12 The 21-cm Line 408

  • 12.1 Radiative Transfer of the 21-cm Line 410
  • 12.2 The Spin Temperature 412
  • 12.3 The Brightness Temperature of the Spin-Flip Background 420
  • 12.4 The Monopole of the Brightness Temperature 428
  • 12.5 Statistical Fluctuations in the Spin-Flip Background 432
  • 12.6 Spin-Flip Fluctuations during the Cosmic Dawn 439
  • 12.7 Mapping the Spin-Flip Background 446

Chapter 13 Other Probes of the First Galaxies 459

  • 13.1 Secondary Cosmic Microwave Background Anisotropies from the Cosmic Dawn 459
  • 13.2 Diffuse Backgrounds from the Cosmic Dawn 470
  • 13.3 The Cross-Correlation of Different Probes 484
  • 13.4 The Fossil Record of the Local Group 488

Appendix A Useful Numbers 495
Appendix B Cosmological Parameters 497
Notes 499
Further Reading 509
Index 513

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File created: 11/11/2014

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