The worldwide rise of sovereign wealth funds is emblematic of the ongoing transformation of nation-state economic prospects. Sovereign Wealth Funds maps the global footprints of these financial institutions, examining their governance and investment management, and issues of domestic and international legitimacy. Through a variety of case studies--from the China Investment Corporation to the funds of several Gulf states--the authors show that the forces propelling the adoption and development of sovereign wealth funds vary by country. The authors also show that many of these investment institutions have identifiable commonalities of form and function that match the core institutions of Western financial markets.
The authors suggest that the international legitimacy of sovereign wealth funds is based on the degree to which their design and governance match Western expectations about investment management. Undercutting commonplace assumptions about the emerging world of the twenty-first century, the authors demonstrate that even small countries with large and globally oriented sovereign wealth funds are likely to play a significant role in international relations.
Sovereign Wealth Funds considers how such financial organizations have altered not only the face of finance, but also the international geopolitical landscape.
Gordon L. Clark is professor and executive director of the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment at the University of Oxford, and the Sir Louis Matheson Distinguished Visiting Professor at Monash University. Adam D. Dixon is lecturer and university research fellow at the University of Bristol and visiting research associate at the University of Oxford. Ashby H. B. Monk is a research director at Stanford University and senior research associate at the University of Oxford.
"In the last several decades, sovereign wealth funds have come to play a major role in international financial arrangements. Sovereign Wealth Funds lays out a masterful analysis of this subject. The book discusses three vital dimensions of these funds: their history and geography, their varying governance structures, and their deployment as strategic national resources. A clear grasp of these dimensions is essential for dealing with the rapidly shifting relations between finance, globalization, and the nation-state. This book is an outstanding scholarly contribution to understanding the emerging world of the twenty-first century."--Allen J. Scott, University of California, Los Angeles
"In this pathbreaking study, three leading financial geographers elucidate the origins, activities, and implications of state-owned investment funds. Today's policymakers as well as scholars across a range of disciplines confront the challenge of understanding the dynamic relationship between governments and globalizing capital markets. This highly original book examines a vital and increasingly important aspect of that relationship. Future policy debates and analytical explorations must begin here."--Louis W. Pauly, University of Toronto
"State-owned investment funds are growing in size, influence, and power. We need to understand them, yet they are diverse. Clark, Dixon, and Monk tell us what attributes these institutions share and how they differ. I particularly like their series of detailed case studies of major sovereign funds. This book is illuminating and I highly recommend it to readers."--Elroy Dimson, London Business School and chairman of the Strategy Council for the Norwegian Government Pension Fund--Global
Table of Contents:
List of Figures and Tables ix
1 Introduction 1
2 The Rise of Sovereign Wealth Funds 13
3 Rethinking the "Sovereign" in Sovereign Wealth Funds 30
4 The Virtues of Long-Term Commitment: Australia's Future Fund 46
5 The Ethics of Global Investment: Norway's Government Pension Fund 67
6 Insurer of Last Resort: Singapore's Government Investment Corporation 86
7 Legitimacy, Trade, and Global Imbalances: The China Investment Corporation 105
8 Modernity, Imitation, and Performance: The Gulf States' Funds 121
9 Conclusion: Form and Function in the Twenty-First Century 137
Appendix: Scoping Best Practice 155