Google full text of our books:


Finding Equilibrium:
Arrow, Debreu, McKenzie and the Problem of Scientific Credit
Till Düppe & E. Roy Weintraub

Winner of the 2016 Joseph J. Spengler Best Book Prize, History of Economics Society

Hardcover | 2014 | $42.00 | £34.95 | ISBN: 9780691156644
304 pp. | 6 x 9 1/4 | 11 halftones.
Add to Shopping Cart

eBook | ISBN: 9781400850129 |
Our eBook editions are available from these online vendors

Reviews | Table of Contents
Chapter 1[PDF] pdf-icon

Google full text of this book:

Finding Equilibrium explores the post–World War II transformation of economics by constructing a history of the proof of its central dogma—that a competitive market economy may possess a set of equilibrium prices. The model economy for which the theorem could be proved was mapped out in 1954 by Kenneth Arrow and Gerard Debreu collaboratively, and by Lionel McKenzie separately, and would become widely known as the "Arrow-Debreu Model." While Arrow and Debreu would later go on to win separate Nobel prizes in economics, McKenzie would never receive it. Till Düppe and E. Roy Weintraub explore the lives and work of these economists and the issues of scientific credit against the extraordinary backdrop of overlapping research communities and an economics discipline that was shifting dramatically to mathematical modes of expression.

Based on recently opened archives, Finding Equilibrium shows the complex interplay between each man's personal life and work, and examines compelling ideas about scientific credit, publication, regard for different research institutions, and the awarding of Nobel prizes. Instead of asking whether recognition was rightly or wrongly given, and who were the heroes or villains, the book considers attitudes toward intellectual credit and strategies to gain it vis-à-vis the communities that grant it.

Telling the story behind the proof of the central theorem in economics, Finding Equilibrium sheds light on the changing nature of the scientific community and the critical connections between the personal and public rewards of scientific work.


"[An] engaging and illuminating history of the mid-twentieth-century proofs of competitive general equilibrium and the three authors associated with them."--S. Abu Turab Rizvi, Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics

"The book has a marvelous and incredibly detailed reconstruction of the paths pursued by the three protagonists with mathematical details suppressed."--Olav Bjerkholt, EH.Net

"A fascinating history about modern economics and some of its key historical actors . . . also a treatise on historiography."--Marcel J. Boumans, History of Economic Ideas

"Finding Equilibrium is a testament to the importance of writing the history of recent economics. The fact that it is a gripping read . . . only adds to the impressiveness of Düppe and Weintraub's accomplishment. May it have many imitators."--Steven G. Medema, Journal of the History of Economic Thought


"Düppe and Weintraub have written a powerful book that is both a marvelous introduction to modern economics for all who want to know what mathematical economists are up to, and a deep, textured account of the paths Arrow, Debreu, and McKenzie followed on their way to general equilibrium theory. A thoughtful mix of biography, intellectual history, and mathematical expertise, Finding Equilibrium invites us into the moments that proved decisive for economics as it exists today."--Peter Galison, author of Einstein's Clocks, Poincaré's Maps

"A fascinating account of one of the central quests of modern economics--finding general conditions under which the existence of a competitive equilibrium is assured. Offering remarkable insights into the workings of the economics profession, this book illuminates the interplay between the personalities of the researchers, the structure of their ideas, and the historical events of their time."--Jerry R. Green, Harvard University

More Endorsements

Table of Contents:

Preface ix
Chronology xxiii
Part I People 1
Chapter 1 Arrow's Ambitions 3
Chapter 2 McKenzie's Frustrations 24
Chapter 3 Debreu's Silence 47
Part II Context 65
Chapter 4 Sites 67
Chapter 5 Community 98
Part III Credit 129
Chapter 6 Three Proofs 131
Chapter 7 Aftermath 172
Chapter 8 The Proofs Become History 204
Conclusion 231
Coda 245
Acknowledgments 249
References 251
Index of Names 267
Index of Subjects 273

Subject Areas:

Shopping Cart options:

  • For ebooks:

Our eBook editions are available
from these online vendors:

  • Amazon Kindle Store
  • Apple iBooks
  • Barnes & Noble Nook Store
  • Google Play eBook Store
  • Kobo eBook Store
  • Many of our ebooks are available through
    library electronic resources including these platforms:

  • Books at JSTOR
  • Ebrary
  • Ebook Library
  • EBSCO Ebooks
  • MyiLibrary
  • Dawsonera (UK)

    • For hardcover/paperback orders in United States, Canada, Latin America, Asia, and Australia

     Hardcover : $42.00 ISBN: 9780691156644

    Add to shopping cart
    View contents of your shopping cart

    • For hardcover/paperback orders in Europe, Africa, the Middle East, India, and Pakistan

     Hardcover  £34.95 ISBN: 9780691156644

    Add to shopping cart
    View contents of your shopping cart

    Prices subject to change without notice

    File created: 9/7/2017

    Questions and comments to:
    Princeton University Press

    New Book E-mails
    New In Print
    PUP Blog
    Princeton APPS
    Sample Chapters
    Princeton Legacy Library
    Exam/Desk Copy
    Recent Awards
    Princeton Shorts
    Freshman Reading
    PUP Europe
    About Us
    Contact Us
    PUP Home

    Bookmark and Share 
    Send me emails
    about new books in:
    History Of Science And Medicine, Philosophy Of Science
    More Choices