This is the first of five volumes of a definitive history of analytic philosophy from the invention of modern logic in 1879 to the end of the twentieth century. Scott Soames, a leading philosopher of language and historian of analytic philosophy, provides the fullest and most detailed account of the analytic tradition yet published, one that is unmatched in its chronological range, topics covered, and depth of treatment. Focusing on the major milestones and distinguishing them from the dead ends, Soames gives a seminal account of where the analytic tradition has been and where it appears to be heading.
Volume 1 examines the initial phase of the analytic tradition through the major contributions of three of its four founding giants—Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, and G. E. Moore. Soames describes and analyzes their work in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, and the philosophy of language. He explains how by about 1920 their efforts had made logic, language, and mathematics central to philosophy in an unprecedented way. But although logic, language, and mathematics were now seen as powerful tools to attain traditional ends, they did not yet define philosophy. As volume 1 comes to a close, that was all about to change with the advent of the fourth founding giant, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and the 1922 English publication of his Tractatus, which ushered in a “linguistic turn” in philosophy that was to last for decades.
Scott Soames is Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at the University of Southern California. He is the author of Philosophy of Language, What Is Meaning?, Reference and Description, the two-volume Philosophical Essays, and the two-volume Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century (all Princeton).
"This is an incredibly rewarding book. The range of topics and level of detail are breathtaking. Soames is very skilled at turning the prose of other philosophers into clear, precise, and logically transparent arguments. Over and over again he takes an unfiltered passage and turns it into a numbered sequence of premises and conclusion. It is exceptionally useful and productive to have arguments laid out in this standard form. This volume will be a great pedagogical tool, both as a classroom text and as a reference."--Peter Hanks, University of Minnesota
Table of Contents:
Part One: Frege
Chapter 1 Foundations of Logic, Language, and Mathematics 3
Chapter 2 Critical Challenges 60
Part Two: G. E. Moore
Chapter 3 Becoming G. E. Moore 133
Chapter 4 Goodness and the Foundations of Ethics 172
Chapter 5 Truth, Skepticism, Perception, and Knowledge 206
Chapter 6 The Mixed Legacy and Lost Opportunities of Moore’s Ethics 242
Part Three: Russell
Chapter 7 Early Russell: Logic, Philosophy, and The Principles of Mathematics 263
Chapter 8 Russell’s Theory of Descriptions: “On Denoting” 328
Chapter 9 Truth, Falsity, and Judgment 413
Chapter 10 Russell’s Logicism 473
Chapter 11 Our Knowledge of the External World 535
Chapter 12 The Philosophy of Logical Atomism 568
Looking Ahead 631
Other Princeton books authored or coauthored by Scott Soames: