Plants and animals interact with each other and their surroundings, and these interactions—with all their complexity and contingency—control where species can survive and reproduce. In this comprehensive and groundbreaking introduction to the emerging field of ecological mechanics, Mark Denny explains how the principles of physics and engineering can be used to understand the intricacies of these remarkable relationships.
Denny opens with a brief review of basic physics before introducing the fundamentals of diffusion, fluid mechanics, solid mechanics, and heat transfer, taking care to explain each in the context of living organisms. Why are corals of different shapes on different parts of a reef? How can geckos climb sheer walls? Why can birds and fish migrate farther than mammals? How do desert plants stay cool? The answers to these and a host of similar questions illustrate the principles of heat, mass, and momentum transport and set the stage for the book's central topic—the application of these principles in ecology. Denny shows how variations in the environment—in both space and time—affect the performance of plants and animals. He introduces spectral analysis, a mathematical tool for quantifying the patterns in which environments vary, and uses it to analyze such subjects as the spread of invasive species. Synthesizing the book’s materials, the final chapters use ecological mechanics to predict the occurrence and consequences of extreme ecological events, explain the emergence of patterns in the distribution and abundance of organisms, and empower readers to explore further.
Ecological Mechanics offers new insights into the physical workings of organisms and their environment.
Mark Denny is the John B. and Jean DeNault Professor of Marine Sciences at Stanford University's Hopkins Marine Station in Pacific Grove, California. His books include Biology and the Mechanics of the Wave-Swept Environment, Air and Water, and How the Ocean Works.
"Denny’s opus features 24 chapters with 778 numbered equations and many illustrative graphs on more than 500 pages. Despite this wealth of information, it makes for an excellent and enjoyable read."--Gregor Kalinkat, Basic and Applied Ecology
"The author has written a truly magnificent book illustrating how physical principles affect organic form-function relationships across a broad spectrum of aquatic and terrestrial life forms. . . . Denny distinguishes himself as an excellent teacher as well as a superb scientist."--Karl J. Niklas, Quarterly Review of Biology
"A leading scholar and researcher, Denny has produced a unique book that will interest a diverse audience, from biologists wanting to understand the physical and engineering principles underlying form and function, to physicists and engineers looking for applications of fundamental concepts. Building from essential physics to biological uses with dexterity, Denny's work is perfect course material and fascinating reading."--Simon A. Levin, Princeton University
"The specific features of organisms come more from their physical situations than from biological interactions. But which aspects of physics matter--and where, when, and how are they important? Moving beyond simplistic presentations, Mark Denny's latest work serves as a richly insightful guide. In particular, the book's range of examples, interwoven with the physical material, have contemporary ecological relevance for the biologist, engineer, or physicist."--Steven Vogel, Duke University
Other Princeton books authored or coauthored by Mark Denny: