The Greek military victories at Marathon, Salamis, and Plataia during the Persian Wars profoundly shaped fifth-century politics and culture. By long tradition, the victors commemorated their deliverance by dedicating thank-offerings in the sanctuaries of their gods, and the Athenians erected no fewer than ten new temples and other buildings. Because these buildings were all at some stage of construction during the political ascendency of Perikles, in the third quarter of the fifth century, modern writers refer to them collectively as the Periklean building program. In Trophies of Victory, T. Leslie Shear, Jr., who directed archaeological excavations at the Athenian Agora for more than twenty-five years, provides the first comprehensive account of the Periklean buildings as a group.
This richly illustrated book examines each building in detail, including its archaeological reconstruction, architectural design, sculptural decoration, chronology, and construction history. Shear emphasizes the Parthenon's revolutionary features and how they influenced smaller contemporary temples. He examines inscriptions that show how every aspect of public works was strictly controlled by the Athenian Assembly. In the case of the buildings on the Acropolis and the Telesterion at Eleusis, he looks at accounts of their overseers, which illuminate the administration, financing, and organization of public works. Throughout, the book provides new details about how the Periklean buildings proclaimed Athenian military prowess, aggrandized the city's cults and festivals, and laid claim to its religious and cultural primacy in the Greek world.
T. Leslie Shear, Jr., is professor emeritus of classical archaeology at Princeton University. From 1968 to 1994, he was director of archaeological excavations in the Athenian Agora, working under the auspices of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens. He is the author of Kallias of Sphettos and the Revolution of Athens in 286 B.C.
"In sum, this book is a valuable addition to the history of scholarship on Athenian public architecture in the second half of the 5th century. The study’s scope and detail are impressive. Trophies of Victory will no doubt serve as a vital resource because of its thorough examination in a single volume of a wide array of varied evidence related to these very well-known structures."--Wendy E. Closterman, Bryn Mawr Classical Review
Table of Contents:
List of Illustrations ix
Bibliographic Abbreviations xix
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
Chapter 2 The Development of the Periklean Program 13
Chapter 3 The Builders of the Parthenon 41
Chapter 4 The Parthenon 79
Chapter 5 The Hephaisteion 137
Chapter 6 The Telesterion at Eleusis 161
Chapter 7 The Odeion 197
Chapter 8 Temples in the Countryside 229
Chapter 9 The Propylaia 273
Chapter 10 Two Ionic Temples 329
Chapter 11 The Periklean Legacy 359
Epigraphical Appendix 405
Chronological Table 429
Subject Index 455
Index Locorum 467
Publications of the Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University