What do we mean when we say that a novel's conclusion "feels right"? How did feeling, form, and the sense of right and wrong get mixed up, during the nineteenth century, in the experience of reading a novel? Good Form argues that Victorian readers associated the feeling of narrative form—of being pulled forward to a satisfying conclusion—with inner moral experience. Reclaiming the work of a generation of Victorian “intuitionist” philosophers who insisted that true morality consisted in being able to feel or intuit the morally good, Jesse Rosenthal shows that when Victorians discussed the moral dimensions of reading novels, they were also subtly discussing the genre’s formal properties.
For most, Victorian moralizing is one of the period’s least attractive and interesting qualities. But Good Form argues that the moral interpretation of novel experience was essential in the development of the novel form—and that this moral approach is still a fundamental, if unrecognized, part of how we understand novels. Bringing together ideas from philosophy, literary history, and narrative theory, Rosenthal shows that we cannot understand the formal principles of the novel that we have inherited from the nineteenth century without also understanding the moral principles that have come with them. Good Form helps us to understand the way Victorians read, but it also helps us to understand the way we read now.
Jesse Rosenthal is assistant professor of English at Johns Hopkins University.
"This book is itself very good at illuminating matters half-known, pointing out things about the Victorian novel that the reader might already have been aware of, but rendering them newly interesting. . . . In an exhilarating series of conceptual connections, the brilliant final chapter on George Eliot’s Daniel Deronda moves from exploring the development of statistics, to the psychology of gambling, to new close readings of Eliot’s narrative complications. . . ."--Kirsty Martin, Times Literary Supplement
"At once familiar and original, brilliant and intuitive, Good Form . . . will inform studies of narrative well beyond the temporal boundaries of the Victorian period."--Jonathan Farina, Wordsworth Circle
"This thoughtful study adds an interesting set of coordinates by which to map Victorian novels as a genre. It recovers a branch of Victorian moral philosophy that has languished under the critique (or neglect) of modernism and post-structuralism and supplies a methodology for examining with fresh theoretical sophistication the very 'readerliness' of those texts that fall on the wrong side of Roland Barthes’s 'writerly/readerly' dichotomy. Such reconsideration is over-due, and Rosenthal presents it with admirable erudition."--Sarah Gates, Dickens Quarterly
"This is one of the best books I've read in a long while--and one of the very best first books I've ever read. Ambitious, highly original, and with wide-ranging implications, it offers persuasive new claims about reading, form, and historicism that are of great interest across literary studies. I expect it to take its place among recent major rethinkings of the nineteenth-century novel."--Caroline Levine, Cornell University
Table of Contents:
Introduction “Moralised Fables” 1
1 What Feels Right: Ethics, Intuition, and the Experience of Narrative 10
2 The Subject of the Newgate Novel: Crime, Interest, What Novels Are About 42
3 Getting David Copperfield: Humor, Sensus Communis, and Moral Agreement 78
4 Back in Time: The Bildungsroman and the Source of Moral Agency 124
5 The Large Novel and the Law of Large Numbers: Daniel Deronda and the Counterintuitive 153