A concise and accessible history of decolonization in the twentieth century
The end of colonial rule in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean was one of the most important and dramatic developments of the twentieth century. In the decades after World War II, dozens of new states emerged as actors in global politics. Long-established imperial regimes collapsed, some more or less peacefully, others amid mass violence. This book takes an incisive look at decolonization and its long-term consequences, revealing it to be a coherent yet multidimensional process at the heart of modern history.
Jan Jansen and Jürgen Osterhammel trace the decline of European, American, and Japanese colonial supremacy from World War I to the 1990s. Providing a comparative perspective on the decolonization process, they shed light on its key aspects while taking into account the unique regional and imperial contexts in which it unfolded. Jansen and Osterhammel show how the seeds of decolonization were sown during the interwar period and argue that the geopolitical restructuring of the world was intrinsically connected to a sea change in the global normative order. They examine the economic repercussions of decolonization and its impact on international power structures, its consequences for envisioning world order, and the long shadow it continues to cast over new states and former colonial powers alike.
Concise and authoritative, Decolonization is the essential introduction to this momentous chapter in history, the aftershocks of which are still being felt today.
Jan C. Jansen is a research fellow at the German Historical Institute in Washington, DC. Jürgen Osterhammel is professor of modern and contemporary history at the University of Konstanz. He is a recipient of the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize, Germany's most prestigious academic award. His books include The Transformation of the World: A Global History of the Nineteenth Century (Princeton).
"A crisp and concise account. An invaluable part of their contribution is their skillful synthesis of the mass of available literature. For those looking for a compact and lucid account of why decolonization occurred, and what is meant, this is the place to start."--Krishan Kumar, Times Literary Supplement
"This clear, concise, and new interpretation will be welcomed by students, scholars, and general readers interested in one of the most defining and consequential developments of the 20th century."--Publishers Weekly
"This is a work not only valuable for its discussion of the topic, but for placing it in a context sorely needed in today’s hydra-headed discussions of the term and the word from which it is derived. . . . Perhaps this book’s greatest virtue is reminding us of what a global phenomenon it was by concentrating on the vast French colonial empire, as well as the Portuguese, German, Japanese and, yes, American realms."--Martin Rubin, Washington Times
"First rate. . . . A concise history of the end of the colonial enterprise, analyzing the political and economic dynamics of decolonization and its implications for Africa and the Caribbean. . . . [They] usefully distinguish between the nationalist and the anticolonial ideologies that started to emerge prior to World War II [and] nicely contrast the clear break with colonialism represented by political independence with the fuzzier continuity that has characterized economic relations between ex-colonies and their former rulers."--Nicolas van de Walle, Foreign Affairs
Table of Contents:
1 Decolonization as Moment and Process 1
2 Nationalism, Late Colonialism, World Wars 35
3 Paths to Sovereignty 71
4 Economy 119
5 World Politics 139
6 Ideas and Programs 156
7 Legacies and Memories 171
Select Readings 225
Other Princeton books authored or coauthored by Jürgen Osterhammel: