Javier Teixidor has found evidence that belief in a supreme god developed during the first millennium B.C. The Phoenician and Aramaic inscriptions he discusses indicate a trend toward monotheism that facilitated the spread of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The author concludes that the traditional characteristics of the popular religions were preserved during this period and that the Hellenistic culture and the mystery cults did not have a significant effect on popular piety. Here, then, is a major reinterpretation of the religious life of the Near East in the Greco-Roman period based on a reliable source of information.
Originally published in 1977.
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Table of Contents:
- Frontmatter, pg. i
- CONTENTS, pg. vii
- ILLUSTRATIONS, pg. ix
- PREFACE, pg. xi
- One. POPULAR RELIGION IN THE GRECO-ROMAN NEAR EAST, pg. 1
- Two. PHOENICIAN AND SYRIAN DEITIES, pg. 19
- Three. DEITIES OF NORTH ARABIA, pg. 62
- Four. THE SUPREME GOD OF PALMYRA, pg. 100
- Five. PAGAN RELIGIOSITY, pg. 143
- ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND LITERARY SOURCES, pg. 165
- GENERAL INDEX, pg. 175