In this major reassessment of Russian labor history, Charters Wynn shows that in Imperial Russia's primary steel and mining region the same class that posed a powerful challenge to the tsarist government also undermined the revolutionary movement with its pogromist violence. From the last decades of the nineteenth century through Russia's First Revolution in 1905, the revolutionary parties succeeded in inciting the predominantly young, male "peasant-workers" of the Donbass-Dnepr Bend region to take part in general strikes, rallies, and armed confrontation with troops. However, the parties were never able to control the unrest their agitation helped unleash: Wynn provides evidence that the workers also committed devastating pogromist attacks on Jews, radical students, and artisans. Until now the prevailing image of the Russian working class has been largely based on the skilled and educated workers of St. Petersburg and Moscow. By focusing on the unskilled and semi-skilled laborers of the ethnically diverse Donbass-Dnepr Bend region, Wynn reveals the "low consciousness" that coexisted with radicalism within the Russian working class and traces its origins in the bleak and violent frontier culture of the pit villages and steel towns.
Originally published in 1992.
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Table of Contents:
List of Illustrations
List of Tables
Pt. 1 The Working-Class Milieu 13
1 The Industrial Boom: 1870-1900 15
2 The Labor Force 37
3 Working-Class Daily Life 67
Pt. 2 The Labor and Revolutionary Movements 95
4 Late-Nineteenth-Century Unrest 97
5 The Rise of Political Radicalism 131
6 The Revolutionary Surge: 1903 to October 1905 165
7 The Reactionary Backlash: 1903 to October 1905 198
8 The Bid for Power: December 1905 227
Selected Bibliography 269