The concept of self-motion is not only fundamental in Aristotle's argument for the Prime Mover and in ancient and medieval theories of nature, but it is also central to many theories of human agency and moral responsibility. In this collection of mostly new essays, scholars of classical, Hellenistic, medieval, and early modern philosophy and science explore the question of whether or not there are such things as self-movers, and if so, what their self-motion consists in. They trace the development of the concept of self-motion from its formulation in Aristotle's metaphysics, cosmology, and philosophy of nature through two millennia of philosophical, religious, and scientific thought. This volume contains "Self-Movers" (David Furley), "Aristotle on Self-Motion" (Mary Louise Gill), "Aristotle on Perception, Appetition, and Self-Motion" (Cynthia Freeland), "Self-Movement and External Causation" (Susan Sauvé Meyer), "Aristotle on the Mind's Self-Motion" (Michael Wedin), "Mind and Motion in Aristotle" (Christopher Shields), "Aristotle's Prime Mover" (Aryeh Kosman), "The Transcendence of the Prime Mover" (Lindsay Judson), "Self-Motion in Stoic Philosophy" (David Hahm), "Duns Scotus on the Reality of Self-Change" (Peter King), "Ockham, Self-Motion, and the Will" (Calvin Normore), and "Natural Motion and Its Causes: Newton on the 'Vis Insita' of Bodies" (J. E. McGuire).
Originally published in 1994.
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"The concept of self-motion played a vital role both in the explanation of natural change and in discussions of the freedom of the will. This collection of twelve articles traces the concept of self-motion through much of its history.... [T]he result is an illuminating, challenging, and beautifully produced book."--Isis
Table of Contents:
Ch. 1 Self-Movers 3
Ch. 2 Aristotle on Self-Motion 15
Ch. 3 Aristotle on Perception, Appetition, and Self-Motion 35
Ch. 4 Self-Movement and External Causation 65
Ch. 5 Aristotle on the Mind's Self-Motion 81
Ch. 6 Mind and Motion in Aristotle 117
Ch. 7 Aristotle's Prime Mover 135
Ch. 8 Heavenly Motion and the Unmoved Mover 155
Ch. 9 Self-Motion in Stoic Philosophy 175
Ch. 10 Duns Scotus on the Reality of Self-Change 227
Ch. 11 Ockham, Self-Motion, and the Will 291
Ch. 12 Natural Motion and Its Causes: Newton on the "Vis Insita" of Bodies 305
List of Contributors 331
Index Locorum 343
General Index 357
Another Princeton book authored or coauthored by Mary Louise Gill: