From public executions to religious processions to political festivities, Toulouse's ceremonial life was remarkably rich in the decades prior to the French Revolution. In an engaging portrait that conveys this provincial city in all its splendor and misery, Robert Schneider explores how Toulouse's civic and community life was represented in the stagings of various ceremonies. His inquiry is based on the unpublished diaries of Pierre Barthès, a Latin tutor who was both a devout Catholic and a monarchist, and who recorded forty years of public activity in ways that reflected the mounting social tensions of his times. By analyzing Barthès's accounts, Schneider demonstrates how the variety of ceremonial forms embodied different ritual dynamics and represented contrasting values.
The author focuses most intently on the differences between the solemn religious procession, which was highly participatory and represented local concerns, and the more celebratory festival, which vaunted the monarchy and turned the people into passive spectators. He examines the theatrical nature of often hastily orchestrated religious parades winding through neighborhood streets, then considers the monarchy's use of plazas for staged entertainment, particularly for awe-inspiring displays of fireworks. Schneider argues that the festival proved a successful tool in imposing the symbols of the centralized state on Toulouse's public life, but that both the procession and the festival incorporated powerful ceremonial forms that proved politically useful for the Revolution.
"Schneider sees no convergence of popular and elite culture. He also rejects the view of ritual as antithetical to modernity and convincingly suggests that part of the success of Revolutionary ceremonial was the use it made of traditional techniques. This useful book should cause the reappraisal of some widely-held general assumptions."--Journal of European Studies
"[Robert Schneider] has captured the festival in all of its color and diversity with an evocative style that stands as a significant contribution to cultural history. Readers will find the immediacy of place, pageant, and popular ritual behavior compelling."--Robert Forster, The Johns Hopkins University
"Systematic and long-term treatments of rituals in public life are rare. Robert Schneider significantly enlarges our understanding of eighteenth-century urban life and people."--Lawrence Bryant, California State University-Chico
Table of Contents:
CHAPTER ONE The Observer and His Diary 17
CHAPTER TWO The City 41
CHAPTER THREE Justice in the Streets 75
CHAPTER FOUR Public Devotions 111
CHAPTER FIVE Political Festivities 149
CONCLUSION Thinking about the Ceremonial City 175
Hardcover published in 1995
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File created: 4/23/2013