Semitic words and names appear in unprecedented numbers in texts of the New Kingdom, the period when the Egyptian empire extended into Syria-Palestine. In his book, James Hoch provides a comprehensive account of these words--their likely origins, their contexts, and their implications for the study of Egyptian and Semitic linguistics and Late-Bronze and Iron-Age culture in the eastern Mediterranean. Unlike previous word catalogs, this work consists of concise word studies and contains a wealth of linguistic, lexical, and cultural information.
Hoch considers some five hundred Semitic words found in Egyptian texts from about 1500 to 650 b.c.e. Building on previous scholarship, he proposes new etymologies and translations and discusses phonological, morphological, and semantic factors that figure in the use of these words. The Egyptian evidence is essential to an understanding of the phonology of Northwest Semitic, and Hoch presents a major reconstruction of the phonemic systems. Of equal importance is his account of the particular semantic use of Semitic vocabulary, in contexts sometimes quite different from those of the Hebrew scriptures and Ugaritic myths and legends. With its new critical assessment of many hotly debated issues of Semitic and Egyptian philology, this book will be consulted for its lexical and linguistic conclusions and will serve as the basis for future work in both fields.
Originally published in 1994.
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"This very substantial volume is a major contribution to our understanding and interpretation of the wide variety of Semitic words ... to be found in ancient Egyptian texts."--Philology and Grammar
Table of Contents:
List of tables
Abbreviations and Sigla
Pt. I The Semitic Words 15
Pt. II Analyses and Conclusions 397
1 Phonology 399
2 Morphology 438
3 Domain of Use 460
4 The Genres of Texts 474
5 The Source Languages 479
6 The Development of Group Writing 487
Appendix: Catalogue of Signs 505
Word Indexes 533
Name Indexes 563