Few developments in the intellectual life of the past quarter-century have provoked more controversy than the attempt to engineer human-like intelligence by artificial means. Born of computer science, this effort has sparked a continuing debate among the psychologists, neuroscientists, philosophers,and linguists who have pioneered--and criticized--artificial intelligence. Are there general principles, as some computer scientists had originally hoped, that would fully describe the activity of both animal and machine minds, just as aerodynamics accounts for the flight of birds and airplanes? In the twenty substantial interviews published here, leading researchers address this and other vexing questions in the field of cognitive science.
The interviewees include Patricia Smith Churchland (Take It Apart and See How It Runs), Paul M. Churchland (Neural Networks and Commonsense), Aaron V. Cicourel (Cognition and Cultural Belief), Daniel C. Dennett (In Defense of AI), Hubert L. Dreyfus (Cognitivism Abandoned), Jerry A. Fodor (The Folly of Simulation), John Haugeland (Farewell to GOFAI?), George Lakoff (Embodied Minds and Meanings), James L. McClelland (Toward a Pragmatic Connectionism), Allen Newell (The Serial Imperative), Stephen E. Palmer (Gestalt Psychology Redux), Hilary Putnam (Against the New Associationism), David E. Rumelhart (From Searching to Seeing), John R. Searle (Ontology Is the Question), Terrence J. Sejnowski (The Hardware Really Matters), Herbert A. Simon (Technology Is Not the Problem), Joseph Weizenbaum (The Myth of the Last Metaphor), Robert Wilensky (Why Play the Philosophy Game?), Terry A.Winograd (Computers and Social Values), and Lotfi A. Zadeh (The Albatross of Classical Logic). Speaking Minds can complement more traditional textbooks but can also stand alone as an introduction to the field.
Originally published in 1995.
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"An invaluable accompaniment to a standard text and an excellent educated layman's introduction to some of the more computational issues in the science of the mind."--Richard Cooper, The Times Higher Education Supplement
"Enough food for thought to satisfy the most hungry of intellects."--New Scientist
"These edited interviews of prominent workers in the cognitive science arena reveal lively disagreement on basic concepts, particularly between the two dominant camps. . . . A multiperspective overview of the evolution and objective of this relatively new discipline."--Booklist
"The editors, Peter Baumgartner and Sabine Payr, have done a brilliant job. Enough food for thought to satisfy the most hungry of intellects."--New Scientist
"The frank and friendly style of the interviews makes the book both an invaluable accompaniment to a standard text and an excellent educated layman's introduction to some of the more computational issues in the science of the mind."--Richard Cooper, The Times Higher Education Supplement
"The authors' goal was not simply to produce another text that serves to introduce cognitive science but rather to give readers a feeling of the excitement of the field by helping them understand the personal commitment of these researchers and their connections to the work and thoughts of others in the field. They were clearly successful."--Choice
"If you're interested in minds, brains, and machines, this book has something for you, regardless of your opinions and expertise.... The candor and informality make the interviews great fun to read, but the speakers are at heart dead serious.... An informative and useful introduction to current controversies in cognitive science."--Steven Pinker, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Table of Contents:
Take It Apart and See How It Runs 21
Neural Networks and Commonsense 33
Cognition and Cultural Belief 47
In Defense of AI 59
Cognitivism Abandoned 71
The Folly of Simulation 85
Farewell to GOFAI? 101
Embodied Minds and Meanings 115
Toward a Pragmatic Connectionism 131
The Serial Imperative 145
Gestalt Psychology Redux 157
Against the New Associationism 177
From Searching to Seeing 189
Ontology Is the Question 203
The Hardware Really Matters 215
Technology Is Not the Problem 231
The Myth of the Last Metaphor 249
Why Play the Philosophy Game? 265
Computers and Social Values 283
The Albatross of Classical Logic 301
Hardcover published in 1995.
A main selection of the Library of Science Book Club