Throughout the nineteenth century, legal barriers to Jewish citizenship were lifted in Europe, enabling organized Jewish communities and individuals to alter radically their relationships with the institutions of the Christian West. In this volume, one of the first to offer a comparative overview of the entry of Jews into state and society, eight leading historians analyze the course of emancipation in Holland, Germany, France, England, the United States, and Italy as well as in Turkey and Russia. The goal is to produce a systematic study of the highly diverse paths to emancipation and to explore their different impacts on Jewish identity, dispositions, and patterns of collective action.
Jewish emancipation concerned itself primarily with issues of state and citizenship. Would the liberal and republican values of the Enlightenment guide governments in establishing the terms of Jewish citizenship? How would states react to Jews seeking to become citizens and to remain meaningfully Jewish? The authors examine these issues through discussions of the entry of Jews into the military, the judicial system, business, and academic and professional careers, for example, and through discussions of their assertive political activity.
In addition to the editors, the contributors are Geoffrey Alderman, Hans Daalder, Werner E. Mosse, Aron Rodrigue, Dan V. Segre, and Michael Stanislawski.
Originally published in 1995.
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"The terrain covered by Paths of Emancipation is vast. The editorial agenda required that 'emancipation' be understood by the contributors in its broadest sense, and that it be set in the context of social and political developments within each state. . . . The result of such painstaking contextualization is a book that is stronger on particulars than it is on more general comparative insights. But this does not detract from the excellence of the individual contributions, or from the historiographical value of the project."--Christopher Clark, Times Literary Supplement
Table of Contents:
1 Emancipation and the Liberal Offer 3
2 Dutch Jews in a Segmented Society 37
3 From "Schutzjuden" to "Deutsche Staatsburger Judischen Glaubens": The Long and Bumpy Road of Jewish Emancipation in Germany 59
4 Between Social and Political Assimilation: Remarks on the History of Jews in France 94
5 English Jews or Jews of the English Persuasion? Reflections on the Emancipation of Anglo-Jewry 128
6 Between Separation and Disappearance: Jews on the Margins of American Liberalism 157
7 The Emancipation of Jews in Italy 206
8 From Millet to Minority: Turkish Jewry 238
9 Russian Jewry, the Russian State, and the Dynamics of Jewish Emancipation 262
List of Contributors 285
Other Princeton books authored or coauthored by Ira Katznelson: