In this first ethnographic study of the European Space Agency, Stacia Zabusky explores the complex processes involved in cooperation on space science missions in the contemporary context of European integration. Zabusky argues that the practice of cooperation does not depend on a homogenizing of interests in a bland unity. Instead, it consists of ongoing negotiation of and conflict over often irreconcilable differences. In this case, those differences are put into play by both technical and political divisions of labor (in particular, those of big science and of European integration).
Zabusky shows how participants on space science missions make use of these differences, particularly those manifest in identities of work and of nationality, as they struggle together not only to produce space satellites but also to create European integration. She argues that the dialectical processes of production include and depend on conflict and contradiction to maintain energy and excitement and thus to be successful. Participants in these processes are not, however, working only to produce tangible success. In her epilogue, Zabusky argues that European space science missions can be interpreted as sacred journeys undertaken collectively, and that these journeys are part of a fundamental cultural project of modernity: the legitimation of and aspiration for purity. She suggests, finally, that this project characterizes not only the institution of technoscience but those of bureaucracy and nationalism as well.
"An amusing as well as a serious examination of a vital issue of international research cooperation."--Historical Studies in the Physical and Sociological Sciences
"An important contribution to the growing new subdiscipline of the anthropology of science."--David Hess, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
"Stacia Zabusky has set herself the difficult task of describing how teams and individuals work together on highly complex and costly technical projects that require the dedicated cooperation of experts drawn from diverse national, linguistic, and cultural backgrounds. Modern methods of managing such efforts are apparent, but how far have we actually come since the Tower of Babel? That question makes Zabusky's book so universal and interesting."--Martin Harwit, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution
Table of Contents:
List of Tables
Introduction: Multiple Cooperations 3
1 The Study of Cooperation: Theoretical Issues 17
2 The European Space Agency and the Structure of Cooperation 47
3 The Practice of Cooperation: Working Together on Space Science Missions 69
4 Struggling with Diversity: The Social and Cultural Dynamics of Working Together 103
5 Evasion and Responsibility: The Politics of Working Together 125
6 Existential Worries: Excitement and Boredom in the Experience of Working Together 153
7 Working Together Transformed: The Production of Technology and Cooperation 179
Epilogue: Sacred Cooperation and the Dreams of Modernity 196