Riots and demonstrations, the lifeblood of American social and political protest in the 1960s, are now largely a historical memory. But Mary Fainsod Katzenstein argues that protest has not disappeared--it has simply moved off the streets into the country's core institutions. As a result, conflicts over sexual harassment, affirmative action, and the rights of women, gays and lesbians, and people of color now touch us more than ever in our daily lives, whether we are among those seeking change or those threatened by its prospects. No one is more aware of this than women demanding change from within the United States military and the American Catholic church.
Women in uniform are deeply patriotic and women active in the church are devoted to their callings. Yet Katzenstein shows that these women often feel isolated and demeaned, confronted by challenges as subtle as condescension and as blatant as career obstruction. Although faithful to their institutions, many have proved fearless in their attempts to reshape them. Drawing on interviews with over a hundred women in the military and the church--including senior officers, combat pilots, lay activists, and nuns--this book gives voice to the struggles and vision of these women as they have moved protest into the mainstream.
Katzenstein shows why the military and the church, similarly hierarchical and insistent on obedience, have come to harbor deeply different forms of protest. She demonstrates that women in the military have turned to the courts and Congress, whereas feminists in the church have used "discursive" protests--writing, organizing workshops and conferences--to rethink in radical ways the meanings of faith and justice. These different strategies, she argues, reflect how the law regulates the military but leaves the church alone.
Faithful and Fearless calls our attention to protest within institutions as a new stage in the history both of feminism and of social movements in America. The book is an inspiring account of strength in the face of adversity and a groundbreaking contribution to the study of American feminism, social protest, and the historical development of institutions in American society.
"Katzenstein ... has done a great service to those working for equality inside the sacred and secular fortresses.... Clearly written, it is easy to read. I recommend that before the next pope takes office, all women in the church should have this book thoroughly digested as a cure for naiveté."--Ruth McDonough Fitzpatrick, National Catholic Reporter
"The feelings of the many women Katzenstein interviewed come through loud and clear, giving an insightful glimpse into how they view their predicaments."--Publishers Weekly
"This is the best work on where feminism really is in the United States in the 1990s. It is also the best work I know on the power of words. I recommend it to any feminist and democratic theorist."--Jane Mansbridge, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
"-A priceless and extraordinary addition to the ever-growing body of feminist literature. I highly recommend Dr. Katzenstein's book. It is immensely readable and totally absorbing."--Evelyn "Pat" Foote, Brigadier General (Retired), U.S. Army
Table of Contents:
Preface and Acknowledgments
Pt. 1 Prologue 1
Ch. 1 Protest Moves inside Institutions 3
Ch. 2 Legalizing Protest 23
Pt. 2 The Military 43
Ch. 3 Interest-Group Activism 45
Ch. 4 Living by the Law 79
Pt. 3 The Church 105
Ch. 5 Discursive Activism 107
Ch. 6 In the Law's Absence 132
Pt. 4 Epilogue 159
Ch. 7 A New Order? 161