This cultural history of American federalism argues that nation-building cannot be understood apart from the process of industrialization and the making of the working class in the late-eighteenth-century United States. Citing the coincidental rise of federalism and industrialism, Laura Rigal examines the creations and performances of writers, collectors, engineers, inventors, and illustrators who assembled an early national "world of things," at a time when American craftsmen were transformed into wage laborers and production was rationalized, mechanized, and put to new ideological purposes. American federalism emerges here as a culture of self-making, in forms as various as street parades, magazine writing, painting, autobiography, advertisement, natural history collections, and trials and trial transcripts.
Chapters center on the craftsmen who celebrated the Constitution by marching in Philadelphia's Grand Federal Procession of 1788; the autobiographical writings of John Fitch, an inventor of the steamboat before Fulton; the exhumation and museum display of the "first American mastodon" by the Peale family of Philadelphia; Joseph Dennie's literary miscellany, the Port Folio; the nine-volume American Ornithology of Alexander Wilson; and finally the autobiography and portrait of Philadelphia locksmith Pat Lyon, who was falsely imprisoned for bank robbery in 1798 but eventually emerged as an icon for the American working man. Rigal demonstrates that federalism is not merely a political movement, or an artifact of language, but a phenomenon of culture: one among many innovations elaborated in the "manufactory" of early American nation-building.
"An astute analysis. . . . Rigal has written an important book that raises important questions. This alone makes it essential reading for those interested in deepening our understanding of early national culture."--Ronald Schultz, American Historical Review
"A meticulous, sophisticated, and varied tableau."--Andrew M. Schocket, Journal of the Early Republic
"A fascinating and complex mix of provocative readings of the early nation's cultural productions."--Ellen Fernandez-Sacco, William and Mary Quarterly
"Rigal has written an innovative and highly suggestive book. . . . [Her] analyses are immensely interesting and largely persuasive."--Stephen P. Rice, Reviews in American History
Table of Contents:
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
INTRODUCTION The Extended Republic in the Age
PART I: FEDERAL MECHANICS
CHAPTER ONE Raising the Roof: Authors,
Architects, and Artisans in the Grand Federal
CHAPTER TWO The Mechanic as the Author of
His Life: John Fitch's "Life" and "Steamboat History"
PART II: THE MAMMOTH STATE
CHAPTER THREE Peale's Mammoth
CHAPTER FOUR The American Lounger: Figures
of Failure and Fatigue in the Port Folio,
PART III: THE STRONG BOX
CHAPTER FIVE Feathered Federalism: Alexander Wilson's American Ornithology,
CHAPTER SIX Picture-Nation: Pat Lyon at the