Édouard Manet's paintings have long been recognized for being visually compelling and uniquely recalcitrant. While critics have noted the presence of family members and intimates in paintings such as Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe, Nancy Locke takes an unprecedented look at the significance of the artist's family relationships for his art. Locke argues that a kind of mythology of the family, or Freudian family romance, frequently structures Manet's compositional decisions and choice of models. By looking at the representation of the family as a volatile mechanism for the development of sexuality and of repression, conflict, and desire, Locke brings powerful new interpretations to some of Manet's most complex works.
Locke considers, for example, the impact of a father-son drama rooted in a closely guarded family secret: the adultery of Manet père and the status of Léon Leenhoff. Her nuanced exploration of the implications of this story--that Manet in fact married his father's mistress--makes us look afresh at even well-known paintings such as Olympia. This book sheds new light on Manet's infamous interest in gypsies, street musicians, and itinerants as Locke analyzes the activities of Manet's father as a civil judge. She also reexamines the close friendship between Manet and the Impressionist painter Berthe Morisot, who married Manet's brother. Morisot becomes the subject of a series of meditations on the elusiveness of the self, the transience of identity, and conflicting concerns with appearances and respectability. Manet and the Family Romance offers an entirely new set of arguments about the cultural forces that shaped these alluring paintings.
"A work that seamlessly weaves social history and psyochanalysis. . . . Locke maintains organization and clear writing, carefully reasons her methodology, does not overstretch her assertions, and provides sufficient documentation."--Choice
"I think that Locke's study of Manet is indispensable. . . . She challenges received ideas with real gusto and brilliance."--Richard Brettell, The Art Bulletin
"Where would art history be without scholars such as Locke pushing the limits? Whether or not her hypotheses withstand the test of time, her superbly researched and argued study posits new avenues for reading the work of Manet as well as a whole generation of artists consumed with their own family romances."--Kristin Makholm, Ruminator Review
"Manet and the Family Romance will be a thunderbolt thrust into the community of Manet scholars, recasting our comprehension of some of the touchstones of modern painting in terms of the Freudian family romance. Nancy Locke's persuasive psychoanalytic study has also unearthed precious and altogether new information about the artist's family and the social and personal conditions in which he worked. Indeed, a central achievement of this book is its demonstration that social history and psychoanalysis need not be mutually exclusive."--Hollis Clayson, Northwestern University
Table of Contents:
1. THE COUCH OF ORESTES 13
2. FAMILY ROMANCES 41
3. THE SPACE OF OLYMPIA 88
4. MANET PÈRE ER FILS 114
5. THE PROMISES OF A FACE 147
PHOTOGRAPHY CREDITS 224
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File created: 3/28/2014