This beautifully illustrated and exquisitely designed volume of paintings, sculpture, medals, and drawings celebrates the extraordinary flowering of female portraiture, mainly in Florence, beginning in the latter half of the fifteenth century. Included are many of the finest portraits of women (and a few of men) by Filippo Lippi, Domenico Ghirlandaio, Antonio Pollaiuolo, Botticelli, Verrocchio, and Leonardo da Vinci--whose remarkable double-sided portrait of Ginevra de' Benci, which departs notably from tradition, is the focus of special attention.
It was in Florence during this period that portraiture expanded beyond the realm of rulers and their consorts to encompass women of the merchant class. This phenomenon, long known to scholars, is here presented to a larger audience for the first time. The catalogue, which accompanies an exhibition at the National Gallery of Art, traces how the humanist praise of women influenced and enlivened their depiction. It also considers how meaningful costumes and settings were chosen. Works from outside Florence by such masters as Pisanello, Rogier van der Weyden, and Ercole Roberti shed additional light on the evolution of female portraiture during the century from c. 1440 to c. 1540.
An introduction by editor and exhibition organizer David Alan Brown and four engaging essays by other experts on Renaissance art--Dale Kent, Joanna Woods-Marsden, Mary Westerman Bulgarella and Roberta Orsi Landini, and Victoria Kirkham--perfectly complement the more than one hundred illustrations, which include ninety-seven full-color plates. The catalogue entries are concise while revealing the key aspects of each portrait--from style and sources to ongoing scholarly debates. This elegant, enlightening book is itself a telling portrait not only of the art but also of the broader issues of women's freedom, responsibility, and individuality in a most exceptional era.
National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
September 30, 2001-January 6, 2002
"The catalogue essays give an excellent account of the motives behind the portraits . . . the claiming of sexual and family territory, the presentation of the bride as property, and so on."--Robert Hughes, Time
"[A] sumptuously illustrated catalogue."--Art Newspaper
"The reassuringly glossy catalogue is modestly priced . . . and, as an up-to-date work of reference, will easily outlive the exhibition."--Alison Wright, Burlington Magazine
"[A] beautifully produced book . . . [with] beautiful production values and breathtaking . . . illustrations."--Victoria Keller, The Art Book
"The book is useful for its emphasis on the social and cultural elements that determined the purpose and aesthetics of the portraits, and for bringing together such a superb collection of examples to aid in our understanding of how female portraiture developed during the Renaissance. The beautiful illustrations . . . are a treat for the scholar and casual observer alike."--Lilian H. Zirpolo, Woman's Art Journal
Table of Contents:
Lenders to the Exhibition 7
Forward by Earl A. Powell III 8
Acknowledgments by David Alan Brown 9
Introduction by David Alan Brown 11
Women in Renaissance Florence by Dale Kent 25
Poetic Ideals of Love and Beauty by Victoria Kirkham 49
Portrait of the Lady, 1430-1520 by Joanna Woods-Marsden 63
Costume in Fifteenth-Century Florentine Portraits of Women by Roberta Orsi Landini and Mary Westerman Bulgarella
Catalog of the Exhibition 99
Published in association with the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC