Fought on what to Westerners was a remote peninsula in northeast Asia, the Korean War was a defining moment of the Cold War. It militarized a conflict that previously had been largely political and economic. And it solidified a series of divisions--of Korea into North and South, of Germany and Europe into East and West, and of China into the mainland and Taiwan--which were to persist for at least two generations. Two of these divisions continue to the present, marking two of the most dangerous political hotspots in the post-Cold War world. The Korean War grew out of the Cold War, it exacerbated the Cold War, and its impact transcended the Cold War.
William Stueck presents a fresh analysis of the Korean War's major diplomatic and strategic issues. Drawing on a cache of newly available information from archives in the United States, China, and the former Soviet Union, he provides an interpretive synthesis for scholars and general readers alike. Beginning with the decision to divide Korea in 1945, he analyzes first the origins and then the course of the conflict. He takes into account the balance between the international and internal factors that led to the war and examines the difficulty in containing and eventually ending the fighting. This discussion covers the progression toward Chinese intervention as well as factors that both prolonged the war and prevented it from expanding beyond Korea. Stueck goes on to address the impact of the war on Korean-American relations and evaluates the performance and durability of an American political culture confronting a challenge from authoritarianism abroad.
Stueck's crisp yet in-depth analysis combines insightful treatment of past events with a suggestive appraisal of their significance for present and future.
"An impressive contribution to the literature on the 'Forgotten War.'. . . Stueck effectively draws together previously disconnected strands into a single volume on the origins, conduct, and effects of that war. . . . This is an important work and will likely appeal to the specialists and general readers alike."--Virginia Quarterly Review
"A lively and balanced reassessment of the origins, character and impact of the Korean War. . . . This book may be recommended to anyone wishing to obtain an up-to-date synthesis of the major disputes and controversies involved in the Korean war."--Peter Lowe, Journal of Military History
"Korea, especially North Korea, has been the subject of many recent headlines. Hence, this work arrives at a most propitious time."--Choice
"It enables readers to understand the war from a variety of different perspectives and . . . helps shed light on the international dimensions of the conflict."--Gregg Brazinsky, Journal of Asian Studies
"Stueck provides a cogent summary of the current scholarship, a clear explanation of his own views, and thought-provoking arguments that will stimulate further debate and research. In the process, Stueck sets forth a systematic and coherent overview of the background to the war, the major military operations, the long process pf the Truce Talks, and the consequences of the war. Thus, his book can also be read with profit as an introductory text and a basis for further reading."--Colonel Donald W. Boose, Jr., Parameters: Us Army War College Quaterly
Table of Contents:
List of Illustrations ix
PART I ORIGINS
CHAPTER 1 The Coming of the Cold War to Korea 11
CHAPTER 2 Syngman Rhee, the Truman Doctrine, and American Policy toward Korea, 1947-1948 39
CHAPTER 3 Why the Korean War, Not the Korean Civil War? 61
PART II COURSE
CHAPTER 4 The Road to Chinese Intervention, July-November 1950 87
CHAPTER 5 Why the War Did Not Expand beyond Korea, November 1950-July 1951 118
CHAPTER 6 Negotiating an Armistice, July 1951-July 1953: Why Did It Take So Long? 143
PART III BROADER ISSUES
CHAPTER 7 The Korean War and the American Relationship with Korea 185
CHAPTER 8 The Korean War as a Challenge to American Democracy 213
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