Determining which moral principles should guide political action is a vexing question in political theory. This is especially true when faced with the "toleration paradox": believing that something is morally wrong but also believing that it is wrong to suppress it. In this book, Alex Tuckness argues that John Locke's potential contribution to this debate--what Tuckness terms the "legislative point of view"--has long been obscured by overemphasis on his doctrine of consent. Building on a line of reasoning Locke made explicit in his later writings on religious toleration, Tuckness explores the idea that we should act politically only on those moral principles that a reasonable legislator would endorse; someone, that is, who would avoid enacting measures that could be self-defeating when applied by fallible human beings.
Tuckness argues that the legislative point of view has implications that go far beyond the question of religious toleration. Locke suggests an approach to political justification that is a provocative alternative to the utilitarian, contractualist, and perfectionist approaches dominating contemporary liberalism. The legislative point of view is relevant to our thinking about many types of disputed principles, Tuckness writes. He examines claims of moral wrong, invocations of the public good, and contested political roles with emphasis on the roles of legislators and judges. This book is must reading not only for students and scholars of Locke but all those interested in liberalism, toleration, and constitutional theory.
"The clarity of the writing and the seriousness with which it entertains objections make this a model of fair-minded and thorough scholarship. . . . [Readers] should come away from Tuckness's broad and generous reading of Locke with an enhanced understanding of the potential of Locke's legislative metaphor to shed light on contemporary issues of morality and politics."--Andrew Murphy, Review of Politics
"This clearly written book tackles an indisputably major topic of long-term importance, and does so with ingenuity. No one has developed the idea of a 'legislative point of view' as has Tuckness. He does a spirited and convincing job of explaining the originality of his interpretation of Locke, and finds something new and fresh to say about some very well-worn topics."--Richard Vernon, author of The Career of Toleration: John Locke, Jonas Proast, and After
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