Despite being institutionalized for schizophrenia at age thirty-one, Adolf Wölfli (1864-1930) achieved artistic greatness in his cell at Waldau Mental Asylum near his native Bern, Switzerland. He has had a profound influence on modern art ever since; André Breton described his work as "one of the three or four most important oeuvres of the twentieth century." The Art of Adolf Wölfli offers a fresh vantage point on the artist's remarkably intricate drawings and astonishing collages, as well as his newly translated writings, which are justly celebrated for their dizzying blend of mythology and humor. Also included are illuminating essays by leading specialists on his art and life.
Wölfli's youth was one of deprivation. His alcoholic father ran off when Wölfli was five, and his mother died soon after. Despite these travails, he managed to complete his education, acquiring the sophisticated literacy so evident in his later work. However, beginning at age twenty-six, his repeated attempts to molest young girls landed him first in jail and, in 1894, in the asylum. Though violent at first, by 1899 he calmed down--and began to draw.
Working primarily in pencil on newsprint, Wölfli created a dense, stunningly detailed medley of wildly imaginative prose texts interwoven with poems, musical compositions, color illustrations, and collages. His five-part magnum opus, "St. Adolf-Giant-Creation," comprises 45 large volumes and 16 notebooks--25,000 pages in all--containing 1,620 drawings and 1,640 collages.
Sure to be the authoritative resource for this remarkable oeuvre, this striking book represents compelling testimony that great torment does not preclude great art.
American Folk Art Museum, New York
February 25 - May 18, 2003
Milwaukee Art Museum
September 18 - December 12, 2004
"Wölfli was an obsessive artist par excellence. He spent the last 35 years of his life locked up . . . and in that time he produced thousands of pages of intricate drawings and novelistic narratives. . . . [He] was recognized as a creative power before his death. . . . After his death in 1930, Wölfli's popularity grew among adherents of Surrealism and those stressing the importance of buried, asocial consciousness."--Carly Berwick, ArtNews
"With the stunning retrospective of the work of the artist-composer-poet Adolf Wölfli at the American Folk Art Museum, the distinction between insider and outsider art should finally be declared null and void. . . . [He] created an enormous body of ornate, densely patterned drawings whose incantatory power, formal scope and cultural richness defy category. . . . Wölfli's creations treat the eye to a roller-coaster ride through a terrain bounded by Piranesi, biblical myth, illuminated manuscripts, tantric mandalas and Swiss cuckoo clocks--in other words, a dizzying multi-cultural universe."--Roberta Smith, The New York Times
"Wölfli's lyrical, evocative compositions of his well-ordered, elegantly constructed universe explore the relationship between mental illness and art. Mandala-like pieces highlight the artist's high-quality draftsmanship and artistic vision. . . . The introductory essay . . . provides an excellent overview of the artist's life within a Swiss mental asylum and the extraordinary drawings and collages of transformation and rebirth that he produced until his death."--Library Journal