In this wide-ranging interdisciplinary work, Paul W. Kahn argues that political order is founded not on contract but on sacrifice. Because liberalism is blind to sacrifice, it is unable to explain how the modern state has brought us to both the rule of law and the edge of nuclear annihilation. We can understand this modern condition only by recognizing that any political community, even a liberal one, is bound together by faith, love, and identity.
Putting Liberalism in Its Place draws on philosophy, cultural theory, American constitutional law, religious and literary studies, and political psychology to advance political theory. It makes original contributions in all these fields. Not since Charles Taylor's The Sources of the Self has there been such an ambitious and sweeping examination of the deep structure of the modern conception of the self.
Kahn shows that only when we move beyond liberalism's categories of reason and interest to a Judeo-Christian concept of love can we comprehend the modern self. Love is the foundation of a world of objective meaning, one form of which is the political community. Arguing from these insights, Kahn offers a new reading of the liberalism/communitarian debate, a genealogy of American liberalism, an exploration of the romantic and the pornographic, a new theory of the will, and a refoundation of political theory on the possibility of sacrifice.
Approaching politics from the perspective of sacrifice allows us to understand the character of twentieth-century politics, which combined progress in the rule of law with massive slaughter for the state. Equally important, this work speaks to the most important political conflicts in the world today. It explains why American response to September 11 has taken the form of war, and why, for the most part, Europeans have been reluctant to follow the Americans in their pursuit of a violent, sacrificial politics. Kahn shows us that the United States has maintained a vibrant politics of modernity, while Europe is moving into a postmodern form of the political that has turned away from the idea of sacrifice. Together with its companion volume, Out of Eden, Putting Liberalism in Its Place finally answers Clifford Geertz's call for a political theology of modernity.
"[This] is a beautifully written meditation on the sources of political meaning that cannot be justified by rational argumentation. It challenges the reader to acknowledge that politics is a fundamentally amoral enterprise that resembles romantic love more than rational debate."--Margaret Kohn, Political Theory
"Paul W. Kahn's outstanding book alluringly explains the perplexity of liberalism in its post-September 11 situation."--Samuel Moyn, Ethics and International Affairs
"Putting Liberalism in Its Place is a real success. It is learned, clear, forceful, and loaded with quotable lines. Most importantly, it takes a much needed shot across the bow of academic liberal theory."--Dan Silver, Foundations of Political Theory
"This intriguing book is filled with challenging ideas and supplies some missing ingredients of the intellectual groundwork of liberalism."--James Magee, Law and Politics Book Review
"Paul W. Kahn . . . argue[s] that liberal theory lacks the conceptual resources to understand political life. . . . Kahn sees liberalism as a philosophy for a postmodern condition, which may be emerging in Europe, where the state may be losing its grip on the moral imagination and 'politics [is] stripped of the political.' The book offers a provocative argument and is well written."--Choice
"As a critique of liberal assumptions about human nature and political theory and as a thoughtful essay on political theology and evil, Kahn's analyses initiate discussions that should be continued."--Shalom Carmy, Hebraic Political Studies
Table of Contents:
Introduction: Putting Liberalism in Its Place 1
PART I: CULTURAL STUDY AND LIBERALISM 29
Chapter 1: The Architecture of the Liberal World 33
Chapter 2: A Brief Genealogy of American Liberalism 66
Chapter 3: The Instabilities of Liberalism 113
PART II: LOVE AND POLITICS 143
Chapter 4: The Faculties of the Soul: Beyond Reason and Interest 145
Chapter 5: The Erotic Body 183
Chapter 6: The Autonomy of the Political in the Modern Nation-State 228
Conclusion: The Future of the Nation-State 291
Another Princeton book authored or coauthored by Paul W. Kahn: