Hamlet tells Horatio that there are more things in heaven and earth than are dreamt of in his philosophy. In Double Vision, philosopher and literary critic Tzachi Zamir argues that there are more things in Hamlet than are dreamt of--or at least conceded--by most philosophers. Making an original and persuasive case for the philosophical value of literature, Zamir suggests that certain important philosophical insights can be gained only through literature. But such insights cannot be reached if literature is deployed merely as an aesthetic sugaring of a conceptual pill. Philosophical knowledge is not opposed to, but is consonant with, the literariness of literature. By focusing on the experience of reading literature as literature and not philosophy, Zamir sets a theoretical framework for a philosophically oriented literary criticism that will appeal both to philosophers and literary critics.
Double Vision is concerned with the philosophical understanding induced by the aesthetic experience of literature. Literary works can function as credible philosophical arguments--not ones in which claims are conclusively demonstrated, but in which claims are made plausible. Such claims, Zamir argues, are embedded within an experiential structure that is itself a crucial dimension of knowing. Developing an account of literature's relation to knowledge, morality, and rhetoric, and advancing philosophical-literary readings of Richard III, Macbeth, Romeo and Juliet, Othello, Antony and Cleopatra, Hamlet, and King Lear, Zamir shows how his approach can open up familiar texts in surprising and rewarding ways.
Tzachi Zamir holds a doctorate in philosophy and is Assistant Professor of Comparative Literature and English at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He has published a number of essays on the relations between philosophy and literature.
"Zamir writes as someone capable of being puzzled, capable of delving into the painful or exhilarating depths of certain problems with Shakespeare as his guide rather than his pupil. Double Vision is quite a brilliant book. . . . Double Vision owes its success precisely to this capacity for philosophical puzzlement, for laying the plays newly open both to emotional experience and to serious reflection."--Martha Nussbaum, The New Republic
"Zamir . . . here shows how philosophy needs Shakespeare. Indeed, his pages on Macbeth bring the philosophy of nihilism alive while attending to the particularities of the text. . . . This book should have a readership beyond schools where one may hope it becomes required reading."--Tom D'Evelyn, Providence Journal
"Zamir's book is an intelligent and provocative justification for how literary rhetoric can articulate and test moral belief. He writes with the economy and power of one well-versed in contemporary analytic philosophy, and he offers an impressive grasp of Renaissance drama and classical literature."--Charles Alteieri, British Journal of Aesthetics
"An extraordinary book. The general philosophy of literature in Part I, 'Philosophical Criticism in Theory,' is as nuanced, careful, and comprehensive in treating philosophical theories of the value and significance of literature (cognitive and moral) as anything in the professional literature. Part II, 'Philosophical Criticism in Practice,' consisting of seven chapters, each on an individual play of Shakespeare's, is profound."--Richard Eldridge, Swarthmore College, Iyyun
Table of Contents:
PART I: PHILOSOPHICAL CRITICISM IN THEORY 1
The Epistemological Basis of Philosophical Criticism 3
The Moral Basis of Philosophical Criticism 20
Philosophical Criticism and Contemporary Literary Studies 44
PART II: PHILOSOPHICAL CRITICISM IN PRACTICE 63
A Case of Unfair Proportions 65
Upon One Bank and Shoal of Time 92
Love Stories 112
Making Love 129
On Being Too Deeply Loved 151
Doing Nothing 168
King Lear's Hidden Tragedy 183
Appendix A: A Note on Lear's Motivation 205
Appendix B: A Note on Shakespeare and Rhetoric 211
Works Cited 213
Another Princeton book authored or coauthored by Tzachi Zamir: