It is impossible to understand Palestine today without a careful reading of its distant and recent past. But until now there has been no single volume in English that tells the history of the events--from the Ottoman Empire to the mid-twentieth century--that shaped modern Palestine. The first book of its kind, A History of Palestine offers a richly detailed interpretation of this critical region's evolution.
Starting with the prebiblical and biblical roots of Palestine, noted historian Gudrun Krämer examines the meanings ascribed to the land in the Jewish, Christian, and Muslim traditions. Paying special attention to social and economic factors, she examines the gradual transformation of Palestine, following the history of the region through the Egyptian occupation of the mid-nineteenth century, the Ottoman reform era, and the British Mandate up to the founding of Israel in 1948. Focusing on the interactions of Arabs and Jews, A History of Palestine tells how these connections affected the cultural and political evolution of each community and Palestine as a whole.
Gudrun Krämer is professor of Islamic studies at Free University Berlin and a member of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences. Her books include A History of Islam and The Jews in Modern Egypt.
"The 400 years before the founding of the Jewish state is a historiographical minefield, but Kramer, a professor of Islamic studies at Free University Berlin, manages to produce an illuminating survey of the terrain...Kramer's fluent narrative pairs a much-needed focus on facts--including useful data on contentious issues of population growth and land ownership--with an evenhanded avoidance of partisanship."--Publishers Weekly
"We tend not to notice that Palestine existed as a territory before there was an Israel, and before there was a Palestinian national movement. Krämer, professor of Islamic studies at Free University Berlin, goes back to early 19th-century Egyptian rule, and then to the modernization undertaken by the Ottoman Empire, to situate the present in its historical context."--Martin Levin, The Globe and Mail
"An excellent source for those desiring an understanding of the background to the present-day unrest in the region."--L. Edward Sizemore, Dallas Morning News
"[Krämer] brilliantly contextualizes Arab anti-Semitism by investigating how, for the Palestinian population, the borders between Jew and Zionist gradually became blurred. By making a series of similar investigations, tracing all the defining points of the conflict, she has been able to write a book that stands out as necessary background reading for all scholars intent on investigating the current situation in Palestine."--Jørgen Jensehaugen, Journal of Peace Research
"This is a welcome addition to the growing number of studies on this increasingly popular field, and the book will be of much use to those teaching classes on Middle Eastern history, the history of the Ottoman Empire and Israel Studies. It will also prove useful in seminars on the construction of historical narratives, the connection between religion and nationalism, and processes of decolonialization."--Scott Ury, Religious Studies Review
Table of Contents:
List of Illustrations vii
List of Tables ix
CHAPTER ONE: Names and Borders 1
CHAPTER TWO: The Holiness of the "Holy Land" 18
CHAPTER THREE: Contrasts: Palestine, 1750-1840 37
CHAPTER FOUR: The Age of Reform, 1840-1914 71
CHAPTER FIVE: Evolving Nationalisms: Zionism and Arabism, 1880-1914 101
CHAPTER SIX: "A Land without a People for a People without a Land"? Population, Settlement, and Cultivation, 1800-1914 128
CHAPTER SEVEN: World War I and the British Mandate 139
CHAPTER EIGHT: Double Standard, or Dual Obligation 164
CHAPTER NINE: "Two Peoples in One Land" 188
CHAPTER TEN: The Mufti and the Wailing Wall 216
CHAPTER ELEVEN: From Unrest to Uprising 238
CHAPTER TWELVE: The Arab Uprising, 1936-39 264
CHAPTER THIRTEEN: Triumph and Catastrophe: From World War II to the State of Israel 296