How do statesmen become aware of unfavorable shifts in relative power, and how do they seek to respond to them? These are puzzles of considerable importance to theorists of international relations. As national decline has become an increasingly prominent theme in American political debate, these questions have also taken on an immediate, pressing significance. The Weary Titan is a penetrating study of a similar controversy in Britain at the turn of the twentieth century.
Drawing on a wide variety of sources, Aaron Friedberg explains how England's rulers failed to understand and respond to the initial evidence of erosion in their country's industrial, financial, naval, and military power. The British example suggests that statesmen may be slow to recognize shifts in international position, in part because they rely heavily on simple but often distorting indicators of relative capabilities. In a new afterword, Friedberg examines current debates about whether America is in decline, arguing that American power will remain robust for some time to come.
Aaron L. Friedberg is professor of politics and international affairs at Princeton University. He is the author of In the Shadow of the Garrison State (Princeton).
"Friedberg's study is a valuable new contribution to this important issue, and both historians and political scientists will be indebted to him for it. . . . The Weary Titan provide[s] us with the cautionary message that 'national security' in the proper sense of the term involves much more than military security."--Paul Kennedy, New York Review of Books
"[Friedberg's] central conclusion is compelling: when measuring power, perceptions matter. . . . Friedberg warns against playing the role of a world power without being willing to pay for the privilege."--Joseph S. Nye, Jr., New Republic
"One of the best books ever written about the decline of a great power, in this case Great Britain at the end of the 19th century. It is instructive in the ways the United States of today may be like but also strikingly unlike Britain."--Robert Kagan, Foreign Policy
Table of Contents:
List of Tables and Maps xi
List of Abbreviations xvii
Chapter One: International Relations Theory and the Assessment of National Power 3
Chapter Two: Economic Power: The Loss of Industrial PReeminence 21
Chapter Three: Financial Power: The Growing Burdens of Empire 89
Chapter Four: Sea Power: The Surrender of Worldwide Supremacy 135
Chapter Five: Land Power: The Dilemma of Indian Defense 209
Chapter Six: Change, Assessment, and Adaption 279
Chapter Seven: Britain and the Experience of Relative Decline 292
Afterword to the 2010 Edition 305
Another Princeton book authored or coauthored by Aaron L. Friedberg: