The American racial order--the beliefs, institutions, and practices that organize relationships among the nation's races and ethnicities--is undergoing its greatest transformation since the 1960s. Creating a New Racial Order takes a groundbreaking look at the reasons behind this dramatic change, and considers how different groups of Americans are being affected. Through revealing narrative and striking research, the authors show that the personal and political choices of Americans will be critical to how, and how much, racial hierarchy is redefined in decades to come.
The authors outline the components that make up a racial order and examine the specific mechanisms influencing group dynamics in the United States: immigration, multiracialism, genomic science, and generational change. Cumulatively, these mechanisms increase heterogeneity within each racial or ethnic group, and decrease the distance separating groups from each other. The authors show that individuals are moving across group boundaries, that genomic science is challenging the whole concept of race, and that economic variation within groups is increasing. Above all, young adults understand and practice race differently from their elders: their formative memories are 9/11, Hurricane Katrina, and Obama's election--not civil rights marches, riots, or the early stages of immigration. Blockages could stymie or distort these changes, however, so the authors point to essential policy and political choices.
Portraying a vision, not of a postracial America, but of a different racial America, Creating a New Racial Order examines how the structures of race and ethnicity are altering a nation.
Jennifer L. Hochschild is the Henry LaBarre Jayne Professor of Government, professor of African and African American studies, and Harvard College Professor at Harvard University. Vesla M. Weaver is an assistant professor in the Woodrow Wilson Department of Politics at the University of Virginia. Traci R. Burch is assistant professor of political science at Northwestern University and research professor at the American Bar Foundation.
"Hochschild, Weaver, and Burch deliver a rich, novel account of the transformation of the new racial order in the U.S. They examine the beliefs, institutions, and history of the practices of race and ethnicity to show that events like September 11, Hurricane Katrina, and the election of Barack Obama reshaped a new generation's concept of race and ethnicity. . . . This well-written book is a refreshingly welcome contribution that lays the foundation for a new generation of scholars and policy makers to study the political and social implications of an increasingly heterogeneous population. The book is essential reading."--Choice
"Creating a New Racial Order is necessary reading that will easily find a place on syllabi for this and the next generation, to whom they dedicate the book, and on whom they are counting to work for a better racial future."--Jennifer Lee, American Journal of Sociology
"This is a wide-ranging exploration of how America looks, thinks, and lives in terms of race as we go into this new millennium. Bridging political science, sociology, and the burgeoning study of DNA, the authors show us that racial order remains one of the most reliable ways of organizing our past and present as Americans, even as that order is dynamic and indeed transformed over time."--Henry Louis Gates Jr., Harvard University
"It is not often that one reads a book that changes how we think the world works. Creating a New Racial Order is replete with original, and sometimes surprising, insights and evidence on the forces that are generating rising racial heterogeneity in the United States. The authors' compelling analysis of the ongoing transformation of America's racial order is a must-read."--William Julius Wilson, Harvard University
Table of Contents:
List of Figures and Tables xi
Part I: The Argument 1
Chapter 1. Destabilizing the American Racial Order 3
Part II : Creating a New Order 19
Chapter 2. Immigration 21
Chapter 3. Multiracialism 56
Chapter 4. Genomics 83
Chapter 5. Cohort Change 113
Chapter 6. Blockages to Racial Transformation 139
Part III : Possibilities 165
Chapter 7. The Future of the American Racial Order 167
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