This book, the first of its kind, provides a sweeping critical history of social theories about war and peace from Hobbes to the present. Distinguished social theorists Hans Joas and Wolfgang Knöbl present both a broad intellectual history and an original argument as they trace the development of thinking about war over more than 350 years--from the premodern era to the period of German idealism and the Scottish and French enlightenments, and then from the birth of sociology in the nineteenth century through the twentieth century. While focusing on social thought, the book draws on many disciplines, including philosophy, anthropology, and political science.
Joas and Knöbl demonstrate the profound difficulties most social thinkers--including liberals, socialists, and those intellectuals who could be regarded as the first sociologists--had in coming to terms with the phenomenon of war, the most obvious form of large-scale social violence. With only a few exceptions, these thinkers, who believed deeply in social progress, were unable to account for war because they regarded it as marginal or archaic, and on the verge of disappearing. This overly optimistic picture of the modern world persisted in social theory even in the twentieth century, as most sociologists and social theorists either ignored war and violence in their theoretical work or tried to explain it away. The failure of the social sciences and especially sociology to understand war, Joas and Knöbl argue, must be seen as one of the greatest weaknesses of disciplines that claim to give a convincing diagnosis of our times.
Hans Joas is professor of sociology and social thought at the University of Chicago and a permanent fellow at the Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies at the University of Freiburg. Wolfgang Knöbl is professor of sociology at Göttingen University. They are the authors of many books and the coauthors of Social Theory: Twenty Introductory Lectures.
"This excellent book is the best in its field, and it deserves and will surely gain wide readership."--Choice
"Joas and Knöbl place modern sociological theory in the distinctive perspective of war and peace, actual conflicts and struggles to end armed strife. This encourages readers to see familiar themes in new light as well as to pay attention to often-neglected dimensions of classical sociological theory. Not least, they help to situate theories that are often considered ahistorically in the abstract as part of the effort to understand war and peace in particular historical contexts."--Craig Calhoun, director of the London School of Economics and Political Science
"Viewed in its social context, war embraces every dimension of human life, yet the subject of war is almost wholly missing from social thought. This book is a very valuable corrective to this situation and well worth reading."--Edward Luttwak, Center for Strategic and International Studies
"There has been a tendency in social thought to stay clear of the issues of war despite its importance in shaping the modern age. But, as this important and erudite study shows, war keeps on intruding. By demonstrating how much theorists have struggled with the problems of war, Joas and Knöbl illuminate vital aspects of social theory--and of war itself."--Lawrence Freedman, King's College London
"This book, written by two eminent social theorists, has no parallel. Hans Joas and Wolfgang Knöbl tackle a fundamental problem in historical and contemporary social theory: the conceptualization of war as a fundamental phenomenon in social life. At the same time, they provide a comprehensive review of thinking about war in modern social theory since Hobbes. This book presents an impressive panorama of its subject."--Dieter Senghaas, University of Bremen
Table of Contents:
- Introduction 1
- War and Peace before Sociology: Social Theorizing on Violence from Thomas Hobbes to the Napoleonic Wars 16
- The Long Peace of the Nineteenth Century and the Birth of Sociology 65
- The Classical Figures of Sociology and the Great Seminal Catastrophe of the Twentieth Century 116
- Sociology and Social Theory from the End of the First World War to the 1970s 156
- After Modernization Theory: Historical Sociology and the Bellicose Constitution of Western Modernity 194
- After the East-West Conflict: Democratization, State Collapse, and Empire Building 217
- Conclusion 252
Name Index 315
Subject Index 323