Throughout American history, some social movements, such as organized labor and the Christian Right, have forged influential alliances with political parties, while others, such as the antiwar movement, have not. When Movements Anchor Parties provides a bold new interpretation of American electoral history by examining five prominent movements and their relationships with political parties.
Taking readers from the Civil War to today, Daniel Schlozman shows how two powerful alliances—those of organized labor and Democrats in the New Deal, and the Christian Right and Republicans since the 1970s—have defined the basic priorities of parties and shaped the available alternatives in national politics. He traces how they diverged sharply from three other major social movements that failed to establish a place inside political parties—the abolitionists following the Civil War, the Populists in the 1890s, and the antiwar movement in the 1960s and 1970s. Moving beyond a view of political parties simply as collections of groups vying for preeminence, Schlozman explores how would-be influencers gain influence—or do not. He reveals how movements join with parties only when the alliance is beneficial to parties, and how alliance exacts a high price from movements. Their sweeping visions give way to compromise and partial victories. Yet as Schlozman demonstrates, it is well worth paying the price as movements reorient parties' priorities.
Timely and compelling, When Movements Anchor Parties demonstrates how alliances have transformed American political parties.
Daniel Schlozman is assistant professor of political science at Johns Hopkins University.
"Many groups make up party coalitions, but few have the influence and endurance to anchor parties. This exceptionally well-written book explains the complex political networking and alliance building activities that can help movements secure permanence within political parties."--Choice
"This rigorous and stimulating book reveals how the labor and Christian Right movements joined direct action with partisan maneuver--and transformed American politics. When Movements Anchor Parties peers through the rancorous politics of our time to provide a fresh interpretation of how the Democratic and Republican Parties have become so polarized over the past half century. Schlozman has written a thought-provoking study of American democracy."--Sidney M. Milkis, University of Virginia
"A brilliant and beautifully crafted scholarly study destined to join the pantheon of classics in American political development. Schlozman theorizes and analyzes how some social movements form durable alliances with parties--labor and the Democrats, conservative evangelicals and the Republicans--and why others fail. When Movements Anchor Parties enriches contemporary debates about polarization, party networks, ideology, and coalition building."--Thomas E. Mann, Brookings Institution
"Scholars increasingly realize that political parties and social movements cannot be fully understood in isolation from one another. When Movements Anchor Parties offers a richly informed and insightful account of two fateful and durable alliances: the labor movement with FDR’s Democrats and the Christian Right with Reagan’s Republicans. Schlozman’s illuminating book highlights the influence of these developments on contemporary American politics."--David Karol, University of Maryland
Table of Contents:
Chapter 1 Introduction: The Making of Anchoring Groups 1
Chapter 2 Political Parties and Social Movements 14
Part I Forging Alliance
Chapter 3 Labor and the Democrats in the New Deal 49
Chapter 4 “We Are Different from Previous Generations of Conservatives”: The New Right and the Mobilization of Evangelicals 77
Chapter 5 The Limits of Influence: Populism and the Antiwar Movement 108
Part II Maintaining Alliance
Chapter 6 The Price of Alliance: Labor and the Democrats Meet
Postwar Realities 131
Chapter 7 Alliance through Adversity: Labor and the Democrats since the Merger 159
Chapter 8 From the Moral Majority to Karl Rove 198
Chapter 9 The Failure of Abolition-Republicanism 223
Chap ter 10 Conclusion: The Future of Alliance 242