On British Islam examines the history and everyday workings of Islamic institutions in Britain, with a focus on shariʿa councils. These councils concern themselves with religious matters, especially divorce. They have a higher profile in Britain than in other Western nations. Why? Taking a historical and ethnographic look at British Islam, John Bowen examines how Muslims have created distinctive religious institutions in Britain and how shariʿa councils interpret and apply Islamic law in a secular British context.
Bowen focuses on three specific shariʿa councils: the oldest and most developed, in London; a Midlands community led by a Sufi saint and barrister; and a Birmingham-based council in which women play a leading role. Bowen shows that each of these councils represents a prolonged, unique experiment in meeting Muslims' needs in a Western country. He also discusses how the councils have become a flash point in British public debates even as they adapt to the English legal environment.
On British Islam highlights British Muslims' efforts to create institutions that make sense in both Islamic and British terms. This balancing act is rarely acknowledged in Britain—or elsewhere—but it is urgent that we understand it if we are to build new ways of living together.
John R. Bowen is the Dunbar-Van Cleve Professor in Arts & Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis. His books include A New Anthropology of Islam and Blaming Islam.
"In On British Islam, John Bowen’s careful work, informed by anthropological insight and a comparative perspective, puts paid to oversimple stories of a clash of civilizations. Bowen shows that attempts by British Muslims to reach convergence with the wider society have varied, and often successful, results, and how these have been influenced by cultural characteristics unique to Britain versus other European nations. This is essential reading for anyone interested in issues of social integration."--Charles Taylor, McGill University
"Understanding how Muslims can be accommodated in European liberal societies has become an ever more urgent issue, and the topic of shari’a law in particular has been a focus of popular anxieties for nearly a decade. Based on rare access to British shari’a council proceedings and archives of cases, On British Islam combines original source material with John Bowen’s expertise as a leading scholar of Islamic law. This elegant book is an invaluable resource and much-needed gold standard for future scholarship on Muslims and Islam in liberal societies."--Maleiha Malik, King’s College London
"This is an imaginatively framed, diligently researched book analyzing the public transactions that involve Muslim and civil law in today's United Kingdom. Bowen provides an array of case studies, each etched with consistently engaging, well-crafted interviews. They make his analysis at once broad and incisive. One will learn more about the intra-Muslim dynamics of public reasoning from On British Islam than from any other work to date on Muslims in the United Kingdom."--Bruce B. Lawrence, author of The Qur'an: A Biography
Table of Contents:
Part 1 Pathways
Chapter 1 Why Shariʿa in Britain? 3
Chapter 2 Transplanting Ties 10
Chapter 3 Islamic Topographies 25
Part 2 Practices
Chapter 4 Background to the Shariʿa Councils 47
Chapter 5 Improvising an Institution 65
Chapter 6 Unstable Performativity 88
Chapter 7 Competing Justifications 103
Part 3 Variants
Chapter 8 When Women Rule in Birmingham 123
Chapter 9 Sufi Encompassments 143
Part 4 Boundaries
Chapter 10 Shariʿa in English Law 173
Chapter 11 When Can Shariʿa Be British? 194
Chapter 12 Internal Debates and Practical Convergences 209
Chapter 13 Conclusions 229
Other Princeton books authored or coauthored by John R. Bowen: