While the American alliance system in Asia has been fundamental to the region's security and prosperity for seven decades, today it encounters challenges from the growth of China-based regional organizations. How was the American alliance system originally established in Asia, and is it currently under threat? How are competing security designs being influenced by the United States and China? In Powerplay, Victor Cha draws from theories about alliances, unipolarity, and regime complexity to examine the evolution of the U.S. alliance system and the reasons for its continued importance in Asia and the world.
Cha delves into the fears, motivations, and aspirations of the Truman and Eisenhower presidencies as they contemplated alliances with the Republic of China, Republic of Korea, and Japan at the outset of the Cold War. Their choice of a bilateral "hub and spokes" security design for Asia was entirely different from the system created in Europe, but it was essential for its time. Cha argues that the alliance system’s innovations in the twenty-first century contribute to its resiliency in the face of China’s increasing prominence, and that the task for the world is not to choose between American and Chinese institutions, but to maximize stability and economic progress amid Asia’s increasingly complex political landscape.
Exploring U.S. bilateral relations in Asia after World War II, Powerplay takes an original look at how global alliances are achieved and maintained.
Victor D. Cha holds the D. S. Song-Korea Foundation Chair in Government and is the director of Asian Studies at Georgetown University. He is also senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington, DC, and formerly served as director of Asian Affairs on the White House National Security Council. His previous award-winning books include The Impossible State and Alignment Despite Antagonism.
"Powerplay is an illuminating and important book that should help to guide policy makers as they try to cope with the greatest challenge to the American alliance system in Asia since it was created some seven decades ago: the rise of a power, China, that wants to shake it up."--Richard Bernstein, Wall Street Journal
"Cha has embedded a lively narrative of post-World War II diplomatic history inside a thought-provoking analytic framework."--Andrew Nathan, Foreign Affairs
"Masterful. . . . Deft and seamless mixture of theory, historical analysis, and policy prescription."--Ben Rimland, Washington Free Beacon
"Cha's Powerplay demonstrates an incredible depth and breadth of knowledge, solid research, and accessible analysis. It is an excellent backgrounder for context on the history and evolution of U.S. alliances in Asia. . . . Powerplay successfully answers its central question: Why aren't America's Asian alliances built the same as in Europe?"--Daniel Runde, Foreign Policy
"An important contribution to the literature on alliance politics and regional security in Asia."--Yukari Iwanami, International Relations of the Asia-Pacific
"This book is an important contribution to the literature on alliance politics and regional security in Asia."--Yukari Iwanami, International Relations of the Asia-Pacific
"Timely. . . . It provides a clear-eyed, historical perspective on the emergence, significance and continued relevance of the alliance structure. Cha persuasively argues that security arrangements in Asia possess both a different structure and rationale for their existence than security arrangements in Europe."--Olivia Enos, The National Interest
Table of Contents:
List of Illustrations and Tables ix
A Note to the Reader xv
1 The Puzzle 1
2 The Argument: Powerplay 19
3 Origins of the American Alliance System in Asia 40
4 Taiwan: “Chaining Chiang” 65
5 Korea: “Rhee-Straint” 94
6 Japan: “Win Japan” 122
7 Counterarguments 161
8 Conclusion: US Alliances and the Complex Patchwork of Asia’s Architecture 185