Arab Patriotism presents the essential backstory to the formation of the modern nation-state and mass nationalism in the Middle East. While standard histories claim that the roots of Arab nationalism emerged in opposition to the Ottoman milieu, Adam Mestyan points to the patriotic sentiment that grew in the Egyptian province of the Ottoman Empire during the nineteenth century, arguing that it served as a pivotal way station on the path to the birth of Arab nationhood.
Through extensive archival research, Mestyan examines the collusion of various Ottoman elites in creating this nascent sense of national belonging and finds that learned culture played a central role in this development. Mestyan investigates the experience of community during this period, engendered through participation in public rituals and being part of a theater audience. He describes the embodied and textual ways these experiences were produced through urban spaces, poetry, performances, and journals. From the Khedivial Opera House's staging of Verdi's Aida and the first Arabic magazine to the ‘Urabi revolution and the restoration of the authority of Ottoman viceroys under British occupation, Mestyan illuminates the cultural dynamics of a regime that served as the precondition for nation-building in the Middle East.
A wholly original exploration of Egypt in the context of the Ottoman Empire, Arab Patriotism sheds fresh light on the evolving sense of political belonging in the Arab world.
Adam Mestyan is assistant professor of history at Duke University.
"A superb scholarly achievement, Arab Patriotism displays a thorough understanding of nineteenth-century Ottoman-Egyptian elite history, framing the emergence of Arab nationalism within Ottoman-Arab patriotism. Based on an impressive array of sources, this is arguably the most important contribution to the discourse on modern Egyptian and Middle East sociopolitical and cultural history in recent years."--Ehud R. Toledano, Tel Aviv University
"Arab Patriotism is much more than just an outstanding contribution to the modern history of Egypt. Mestyan weaves together a narrative about power and the arts, social history, and the history of the media to form a dense and colorful tapestry of sophisticated argument. The nineteenth-century Mediterranean region emerges in a new and unexpected light."--Jürgen Osterhammel, author of The Transformation of the World
"Filling a major gap in the historiography of modern Egypt, this engaging book fuses cultural and political history, Egypt's place in the late Ottoman world, and the emergence of Arab identity politics. This is one of the most exciting new works that I have read in recent years."—Eugene Rogan, author of The Fall of the Ottomans
"Examining the rise of patriotism in nineteenth-century Egypt, Arab Patriotism delves into Egypt's identity during this crucial period. Mestyan paints a detailed and animated picture of a rich cultural landscape that was intricately connected to a fraught political scene. This pioneering and compelling book presents original work, previously unknown even by specialists of early modern Egyptian history."—Khaled Fahmy, American University in Cairo
Table of Contents:
List of Illustrations vii
List of Tables ix
Notes on Transliteration, Names, Titles, and Currency xi
I The Making of the Khedivate 17
1 The Ottoman Origins of Arab Patriotism 21
2 The Ottoman Legitimation of Power: The Khedivate 50
3 The European Aesthetics of Khedivial Power 84
II “A Garden with Mellow Fruits of Refinement” 121
4 A Gentle Revolution 125
5 Constitutionalism and Revolution: The Arab Opera 164
III The Reinvention of the Khedivate 199
6 Hārūn al-Rashīd under Occupation 203
7 Behind the Scenes: A Committee and the Law, 1880s–1900s 238
8 Distinction: Muṣṭafā Kāmil and the Making of an Arab Prince 268
Conclusion: The Ottoman Origin of Arab Nationalisms 303
Works Cited 313