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Talking to Strangers:
Improving American Diplomacy at Home and Abroad
Monteagle Stearns

Paperback | 1999 | $38.95 | £32.95 | ISBN: 9780691007458
232 pp. | 6 x 9
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In this discerning book, Monteagle Stearns, a former career diplomat and ambassador, argues that U.S. foreign policymakers do not need a new doctrine, as some commentators have suggested, but rather a new attitude toward international affairs and, most especially, new ways of learning from the Foreign Service. True, the word strangers in his title refers to foreigners. However, it also refers to American foreign policymakers and American diplomats, whose failure to "speak each other's language" deprives American foreign policy of realism and coherence. In a world where regions have become more important than blocs, and ethnic and transnational problems more important than superpower rivalries, American foreign policy must be better informed if it is to be more effective. The insights required will come not from summit meetings or television specials but from the firsthand observations of trained Foreign Service officers.

Stearns has not written an apologia for the American Foreign Service, however. Indeed, his criticism of many of its weaknesses is biting. Ranging from a description of Benjamin Franklin's mission to France to an analysis of the Gulf War and its aftermath, he offers a balanced critique of how American diplomacy developed in reaction to European models and how it needs to be changed to satisfy the demands of the twenty-first century. Full of examples drawn from Stearns's extensive experience, Talking to Strangers addresses the problems that arise not only from an overly politicized foreign policy process but also from excessive bureaucratization and lack of leadership in the Foreign Service itself. Anyone interested in our nation's future will benefit from reading Stearns's pull-no-punches analysis of why improving American diplomacy should be a matter of urgent concern to us all.


"An engaging and delightfully written plea for restoring the role of the professional diplomat in American foreign policy."--Foreign Affairs

"[P]rovides an insider's account of the `practice' of diplomacy--the point where policies from Washington are implemented locally. . . . This is not a long book, but between its covers the author imparts a great deal of wisdom."--Library Journal

"Mr. Stearns has given us a thoughtful study of the foreign service, its role in diplomacy and how it may have to operate in the future. Written in admirably lucid prose, it will be of interest to everyone concerned with foreign affairs."--Sol Schindler, The Washington Times


"It would be hard for me to overstate my opinion of the book. It is, at least to my knowledge, the best work on this subject ever written by an American, and should become a standard treatment of the subject, particularly for students of the structure of international relations."--George Kennan, Professor Emeritus, Institute for Advanced Study

"We watched Monty Stearns talk to strangers during some difficult days in Greece, and we know how good he is at doing what a diplomat is really supposed to do. This book serves both as a how-to for others who would engage in the task and as an explanation to the rest of us of how a comprehensive foreign policy should work. Talk about timely!"--Cokie Roberts, ABC News and National Public Radio, and Steven V. Roberts, U.S. News and World Report

Table of Contents:

Ch. 1 The New Frontiers of American Diplomacy 3
Ch. 2 The Diplomacy of Reason 20
Ch. 3 The Diplomacy of Doctrine 38
Ch. 4 The Diplomacy of Process 55
Ch. 5 Diplomacy as Representation 72
Ch. 6 Diplomacy as Management 92
Ch. 7 Diplomacy as Communication 112
Ch. 8 Diplomacy as Negotiation 132
Ch. 9 Improving the Reach of American Foreign Policy 148
Ch. 10 Improving the Grasp of American Diplomacy 164
Notes 179
Index 193

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A Twentieth Century Fund Book

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File created: 7/11/2017

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