Book Search:  

 

 
Google full text of our books:

bookjacket

Neither Monk nor Layman:
Clerical Marriage in Modern Japanese Buddhism
Richard Jaffe

Hardcover | 2002 | $78.50 / £55.00 | ISBN: 9780691074955
320 pp. | 6 x 9 | 6 halftones, 1 line illus. | SHOPPING CART

Reviews | Table of Contents
Chapter 1 [HTML] or [PDF] pdf-icon

Buddhism comes in many forms, but in Japan it stands apart from all the rest in one most striking way--the monks get married. In Neither Monk nor Layman, the most comprehensive study of this topic in any language, Richard Jaffe addresses the emergence of an openly married clergy as a momentous change in the history of modern Japanese Buddhism. He demonstrates, in clear and engaging prose, that this shift was not an easy one for Japanese Buddhists. Yet the transformation that began in the early Meiji period (1868-1912)--when monks were ordered by government authorities to adopt common surnames and allowed to marry, to have children, and to eat meat--today extends to all the country's Buddhist denominations.

Jaffe traces the gradual acceptance of clerical marriage by Japanese Buddhists from the premodern emergence of the "clerical marriage problem" in the Edo period to its widespread practice by the start of the Second World War. In doing so he considers related issues such as the dissolution of clerical status and the growing domestication of Japanese temple life. This book reveals the deep contradictions between sectarian teachings that continue to idealize renunciation and a clergy whose lives closely resemble those of their parishioners in modern Japanese society. It will attract not only scholars of religion and of Japanese history, but all those interested in the encounter-conflict between regimes of modernization and religious institutions and the fate of celibate religious practices in the twentieth century.

Review:

"Jaffe does a masterful job of weaving together into a compelling narrative his extensive and well-documented historical sources. . . . This is an important contribution to modern Japanese religious history."--Choice

"[A] richly detailed and clearly written work. . . Jaffe provides abundant material for anyone interested in state-religion issues. . . . A must read for anyone interested in Japanese religious history, Buddhism, or Japanese history."--Stephen G. Covell, Japanese Journal of Religious Studies

"This work carefully integrates a deep understanding of Buddhist doctrine with historical detail and ethnographic description. On the issue of clerical marriage in Japanese Buddhism, not only is Jaffe's book the only show in town, but it is a show that no one interested in Japanese Buddhism, Meiji history, church-state relations, religious celibacy, modernization, or secularization would want to miss."--John S. LoBreglio, Journal of Asian Studies

"One of the most commonly misunderstood aspects of Japanese Buddhism involves the marriage of clerics. Buddhists from most other countries consider this a sign of the overall decline of Buddhism in Japan and think that Japanese clerics are simply incapable of controlling their desires. . . . Both sides of this complex issue are presented clearly, and the idea of over-all decline is thoroughly debunked. This cross-disciplinary book is important not only to studies of religion but also to those of anthropology and history."--Sarah Horton, Religious Studies Review

"Jaffe's work is beautifully referenced and composed, full of illuminating sidelights and contextual explorations, and displaying powerful detail and tireless pursuit of textual evidence. . . . Jaffe's research performs a quite groundbreaking synthesis in any language."--Galen Amstutz, Journal of Japanese Studies

Endorsement:

More Endorsements

Table of Contents:

Figures and Table xi
Preface xiii
Acknowledgments xix
Reference Abbreviations xxi
Ministries and Other Government Institutions xxiii
Chapter 1
Introduction 1
Chapter 2
Pre-Meiji Precedents 9
Chapter 3
Jodo Shin Buddhism and the Edo Period Debate over Nikujiki Saitai 36
Chapter 4
The Household Registration System and the Buddhist Clergy 58
Chapter 5
Passage of the Nikujiki Saitai Law: The Clergy and the Formation of Meiji Buddhist Policy 95
Chapter 6
Horses with Horns: The Attack on Nikujiki Saitai 114
Chapter 7
Denominational Resistance and the Modification of Government Policy 148
Chapter 8
Tanaka Chigaku and the Buddhist Clerical Marriage: Toward a Positive Appraisal of Family Life 165
Chapter 9
The Aftermath: From Doctrinal Concern to Practical Problem 189
Chapter 10
Almost Home 228
Glossary 243
Bibliography 254
Index 275

Series:

Subject Areas:

Shopping Cart:

  • For hardcover/paperback orders:

    For hardcover/paperback orders in the United States, Canada, Latin America, Asia, and Australia

    Hardcover: $78.50 ISBN: 9780691074955

    For hardcover/paperback orders in Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and India

    Hardcover: £55.00 ISBN: 9780691074955

    Prices subject to change without notice

    File created: 4/17/2014

Questions and comments to: webmaster@press.princeton.edu
Princeton University Press

New Book E-mails
New In Print
PUP Blog
Videos/Audios
Princeton APPS
Sample Chapters
Subjects
Series
Catalogs
Textbooks
For Reviewers
Class Use
Rights
Permissions
Ordering
Recent Awards
Princeton Shorts
Freshman Reading
PUP Europe
About Us
Contact Us
Links
F.A.Q.
PUP Home


Bookmark and Share
Send me emails
about new books in:
Asian and Asian American Studies
Asian and Asian American Studies
More Choices
Email:
Country:
Name: